Cheryl Rochman Greenberg

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BACKGROUND Mutations in the E-cadherin (CDH1) gene are a well documented cause of hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC). Development of evidence based guidelines for CDH1 screening for HDGC have been complicated by its rarity, variable penetrance, and lack of founder mutations. METHODS Forty three new gastric cancer (GC) families were ascertained from(More)
BACKGROUND A new form of congenital hyperinsulinism characterized by hypoglycemia and hyperammonemia was described recently. We hypothesized that this syndrome of hyperinsulinism and hyperammonemia was caused by excessive activity of glutamate dehydrogenase, which oxidizes glutamate to alpha-ketoglutarate and which is a potential regulator of insulin(More)
About 60% of both Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is due to deletions of the dystrophin gene. For cases with a deletion mutation, the "reading frame" hypothesis predicts that BMD patients produce a semifunctional, internally deleted dystrophin protein, whereas DMD patients produce a severely truncated protein that would(More)
Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a dominantly inherited skeletal dysplasia caused by mutations in the osteoblast-specific transcription factor CBFA1. To correlate CBFA1 mutations in different functional domains with the CCD clinical spectrum, we studied 26 independent cases of CCD and a total of 16 new mutations were identified in 17 families. The majority(More)
Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH) deficiency is a rare inborn disorder of L-lysine, L-hydroxylysine, and L-tryptophan metabolism complicated by striatal damage during acute encephalopathic crises. Three decades after its description, the natural history and how to treat this disorder are still incompletely understood. To study which variables influenced the(More)
Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is a rare inherited genodermatosis characterized by hair follicle hamartomas, kidney tumors, and spontaneous pneumothorax. Recombination mapping in BHD families delineated the susceptibility locus to 700 kb on chromosome 17p11.2. Protein-truncating mutations were identified in a novel candidate gene in a panel of BHD families,(More)
The Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome, a genodermatosis characterized by benign tumors of the hair follicle, has been associated with renal and colonic neoplasms and spontaneous pneumothorax, but the risk of developing these disorders is unknown. We identified risk factors for renal tumors and spontaneous pneumothorax in 98 patients affected with the Birt-Hogg-Dubé(More)
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2H (LGMD2H) is a mild autosomal recessive myopathy that was first described in the Manitoba Hutterite population. Previous studies in our laboratory mapped the causative gene for this disease to a 6.5-Mb region in chromosomal region 9q31-33, flanked by D9S302 and D9S1850. We have now used additional families and a panel(More)
Glutaric acidemia type 1 (GA-1) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a deficiency of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH) activity. GA-1 is often associated with an acute encephalopathy between 6 and 18 months of age that causes striatal damage resulting in a severe dystonic movement disorder. Ten autopsy cases have been previously described.(More)
Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disease with an estimated overall prevalence of 1 in 100 000 newborns. Biochemically, the disease is characterized by accumulation of glutaric acid, 3-hydroxyglutaric acid, glutaconic acid, and glutarylcarnitine, which can be detected by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry of organic(More)