Cheryl M. Ethen

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PURPOSE A growing understanding of the molecular events in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) has lead to targeted therapies for a select group of patients with advanced AMD. Development of therapies for the earlier stages requires further elucidation of disease mechanisms. In this study, a proteomics approach was used to identify proteins that had(More)
A nonradioactive glycosyltransferase assay is described here. This method takes advantage of specific phosphatases that can be added into glycosyltransferase reactions to quantitatively release inorganic phosphate from the leaving groups of glycosyltransferase reactions. The released phosphate group is then detected using colorimetric malachite-based(More)
The proteasome mediates pathways associated with oxidative stress and inflammation, two pathogenic events correlated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). In human donor eyes corresponding to four stages of AMD, we found the proteasomal chymotrypsin-like activity increased in neurosensory retina with disease progression. Increased activity correlated(More)
The 1918 pandemic flu virus caused one of the most deadly pandemics in human history. To search for unique structural features of the neuraminidase from this virus that might have contributed to its unusual virulence, we expressed this enzyme. The purified enzyme appeared as a monomer, a dimer and a tetramer, with only the tetramer being active and(More)
PURPOSE Oxidative damage to proteins, lipids, and DNA has been suggested to be a mechanism for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The retina is particularly susceptible to lipid peroxidation due to high concentrations of easily oxidized polyunsaturated fatty acids in the presence of abundant oxygen. One of the most toxic products of lipid peroxidation,(More)
Crystallins are small heat shock proteins with chaperone function that prevent heat- and oxidative stress-induced aggregation of proteins. This is the first report describing modifications of alphaA crystallin in the sensory retina, including altered content and truncation with aging. Proteins from adult, middle age, and old Fischer 344 Brown Norway rats(More)
Extracellular heparanase activity releases growth factors and angiogenic factors from heparan sulfate (HS) storage sites and alters the integrity of the extracellular matrix. These activities lead to a loss of normal cell matrix adherent junctions and correlate with invasive cellular phenotypes. Elevated expression of heparanase is associated with several(More)
PURPOSE Biochemical analysis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) at distinct stages of the disease will help further understanding of the molecular events associated with disease progression. This study was conducted to determine the ability of a new grading system for eye bank eyes, the Minnesota Grading System (MGS), to discern distinct stages of(More)
Sulfated glycans play critical roles during the development, differentiation and growth of various organisms. The most well-studied sulfated molecules are sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Recent incidents of heparin drug contamination convey the importance of having a convenient and sensitive method for detecting different GAGs. Here, we describe a(More)
BACKGROUND Sulfotransferases are a large group of enzymes that regulate the biological activity or availability of a wide spectrum of substrates through sulfation with the sulfur donor 3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS). These enzymes are known to be difficult to assay. A convenient assay is needed in order to better understand these enzymes. (More)