Cheryl L. Fattman

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We investigated the modulation of (+/-)-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA)-induced increases in intracellular free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) and intracellular free Mg2+ ([Mg2+]i) by cyclothiazide and GYKI 52466 using microspectrofluorimetry in single cultured rat brain neurons. AMPA-induced changes in [Ca2+]i were increased by 0.3-100(More)
Inhalation of asbestos fibers causes pulmonary inflammation and eventual pulmonary fibrosis (asbestosis). Although the underlying molecular events are poorly understood, protease/antiprotease and oxidant/antioxidant imbalances are believed to contribute to the disease. Implicated in other forms of pulmonary fibrosis, the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)(More)
Extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) is an antioxidant abundant in the lung. Previous studies demonstrated depletion of lung parenchymal EC-SOD in mouse models of interstitial lung disease coinciding with an accumulation of EC-SOD in airspaces. EC-SOD sticks to the matrix by a proteolytically sensitive heparin-binding domain; therefore, we(More)
Polymorphisms in Superoxide dismutase 3, extracellular (SOD3) have been associated with reduced lung function and susceptibility to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in adults. Previously, we identified SOD3 as a contributing factor to altered ventilation efficiency (dead space volume/total lung capacity) in mice. Because SOD3 protects the(More)
Acute exacerbations of pulmonary fibrosis are characterized by rapid decrements in lung function. Environmental factors that may contribute to acute exacerbations remain poorly understood. We have previously demonstrated that exposure to inhaled lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces expression of genes associated with fibrosis. To address whether exposure to LPS(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are mediators of lung injury, and their activity has been associated with the development of pulmonary fibrosis. To understand how MMPs regulate the development of pulmonary fibrosis, we examined MMP expression in two strains of mice with differing sensitivities to the fibrosis-inducing drug bleomycin. After a single(More)
BACKGROUND The role of the receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) has been shown to differ in two different mouse models of asbestos and bleomycin induced pulmonary fibrosis. RAGE knockout (KO) mice get worse fibrosis when challenged with asbestos, whereas in the bleomycin model they are largely protected against fibrosis. In the current study(More)
Macrophages play a fundamental role in innate immunity and the pathogenesis of silicosis. Phagocytosis of silica particles is associated with the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), secretion of cytokines, such as TNF, and cell death that contribute to silica-induced lung disease. In macrophages, ROS production is executed primarily by activation(More)
Extracellular superoxide dismutase (ECSOD) is highly expressed in lung tissue. ECSOD contains a heparin-binding domain that is sensitive to proteolysis. This heparin-binding domain is important in allowing ECSOD to exist in relatively high concentrations in specific regions of the extracellular matrix and on cell surfaces. ECSOD has been shown to protect(More)
BACKGROUND Fibrotic lung diseases occur predominantly in males, and reports describe better survival in affected females. Male mice are more sensitive to silica-induced lung fibrosis than silica-treated female mice. Secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1, also known as osteopontin) increases in pulmonary fibrosis, and Spp1 transcription may be regulated by(More)
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