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Oligonucleotide-directed triple helix formation is a powerful approach to block transcription of specific genes. Although the oligonucleotide triplex approach is efficient for inhibiting gene expression in cultured cells, suppression is transient. We developed an approach which inhibits insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) expression following stable(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) expression has been implicated as a major determinant of fetal size during murine pregnancy. It remains unclear whether expression in the fetus, the placenta, or both is the overriding factor controlling growth. To gain further understanding of the placental contribution, we mapped IGF-II expression in the fetal(More)
Investigations have demonstrated that the pressor effects of low-dose intravertebral angiotensin II (Ang II) in the dog are mediated by the area postrema (AP). Chronic ablation of the AP has been shown to produce both mild hypotension and blunting of the pressor effects of peripherally administered Ang II, which suggests a tonic influence by this structure(More)
Prostate carcinoma is the second leading cause of death from malignancy in men in the United States. Prostate cancer cells express type I insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-IR) and prostate cancer selectively metastazises to bone, which is an environment rich in insulin-like growth factors (IGFs), thereby supporting a paracrine action for cancer cell(More)
The cellular morphology of the dog's area postrema (AP) was demonstrated with the Golgi-Cox technique. Golgi preparations suggested division of the canine AP into three regions: a periventricular mantle zone, a central region, and a junctional zone adjacent to the nucleus tractus solitarii. The distinctive feature of the dog's AP was arrays of(More)
The concentrations of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity, norepinephrine, and serotonin were measured in microdissected regions of the dog's brainstem and spinal cord. In addition, we determined the in vitro metabolism of 125I-angiotensin I (Ang I) in homogenates of the same brain punch regions. High ACE-specific activity was found in the(More)
Specific binding of [125I]angiotensin II [(125I]Ang II) to sections of dog brain was determined by in vitro receptor autoradiography. Highly discrete, dark images representing specific binding of [125I]Ang II were observed in areas corresponding to the nucleus of the solitary tract, dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus, area postrema, ventrolateral medulla,(More)
The distribution within the brainstem of cell bodies and efferent fibers projecting in the cervical vagus was studied with retrograde transport of horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Five to eight days after multiple microinjections of HRP into either the cervical vagosympathetic trunk or the nodose ganglion the brainstems and nodose ganglia were perfused and(More)
Homopurine (AG) and homopyrimidine (CT) oligodeoxyribonucleotides predicted to form triple-helical (triplex) structures have been shown to specifically suppress gene expression when supplied to cultured cells. Here we present evidence that homopurine RNA (effector) sequences designed to form a triplex with a homopurine. homopyrimidine sequence 3' to the(More)
The distribution of catecholamine-containing neurons, fibers, and varicosities in the brainstem of both adult and juvenile dogs was mapped in detail with glyoxylic acid histofluorescence. Four separate groups of catecholamine-fluorescent neurons were identified within the canine medulla and pons in locations comparable to the A1, A2, A5, and A6 regions(More)