Cheryl J Cherpitel

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Alcohol consumption causes injury in a dose-response manner. The most common mode of sustaining an alcohol-attributable injury is from a single occasion of acute alcohol consumption, but much of the injury literature employs usual consumption habits to assess risk instead. An analysis of the acute dose-response relationship between alcohol and injury is(More)
AIMS To determine the relative risk (RR) of non-fatal injury associated with alcohol consumption in a series of emergency departments (EDs), possible effect modifiers and the impact of contextual variables on differences across sites. DESIGN The case-crossover method was used to obtain RR estimates of the effect of alcohol on non-fatal injuries.(More)
This paper reviews emergency room (ER) studies from a number of countries which have focused on the association of alcohol and casualties. The review emphasizes studies which used probability sample of patients to represent the population of the emergency facility where the data were collected, and which separated injured patients from patients with medical(More)
BACKGROUND Both acute and chronic use of alcohol are associated with suicidal behavior. However, the differing relationship of each component of alcohol use and possible causal mechanisms remain unclear. METHODS This article reviews and summarizes associations between acute alcohol consumption (with and without intoxication) and suicidal behavior (both(More)
AIMS To replicate the finding that there is a single dimension trait in alcohol use disorders and to test whether the usual 5+ drinks for men and 4+ drinks for women and other measures of alcohol consumption help to improve alcohol use disorder criteria in a series of diverse patients from emergency departments (EDs) in four countries. DESIGN(More)
Alcohol consumption has been found to be associated with injury occurrence and with risk-taking dispositions, and these dispositions, themselves, have been found to be associated with injury. Few studies have analyzed both alcohol consumption and risk-taking dispositions, or illicit drug use, on risk of injury across all types of injuries. Data on risk(More)
This paper is based on data using similar methods collected from patients at 30 emergency rooms (ERs) in six countries. These data were analyzed with the goal of determining whether alcohol is a likely cause of violence through an application of criteria outlined by Bradford Hill. Analyses were conducted by comparing various measures of alcohol involvement(More)
OBJECTIVE to compare brief screening instruments for alcohol use disorders, the RAPS4, RAPS4-QF, and AUDIT, against DSM-IV criteria for alcohol dependence and alcohol abuse among African Americans and Hispanics in a sample of inner city emergency department (ED) patients. METHOD a probability sample of 395 African American and Hispanic patients seeking(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the risk of non-fatal injury at low levels and moderate levels of alcohol consumption as well as the differences in risk across modes of injury and differences among alcoholics. METHODS Data are from patients aged 18 years and older collected in 2001-02 by the WHO collaborative study on alcohol and injuries from 10 emergency(More)
Usual and acute alcohol consumption are important risk factors for injury. Although alcohol-dependent people are thought to be at increased risk of injury, there are few reports suggesting that their risk is greater than that of nondependent alcohol users in a given episode of alcohol use. The authors conducted a case-crossover analysis of data on 705(More)