Cheryl Isaac Murphy

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In its largest outbreak, Ebola virus disease is spreading through Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Nigeria. We sequenced 99 Ebola virus genomes from 78 patients in Sierra Leone to ~2000× coverage. We observed a rapid accumulation of interhost and intrahost genetic variation, allowing us to characterize patterns of viral transmission over the initial weeks(More)
The degree to which molecular epidemiology reveals information about the sources and transmission patterns of an outbreak depends on the resolution of the technology used and the samples studied. Isolates of Escherichia coli O104:H4 from the outbreak centered in Germany in May-July 2011, and the much smaller outbreak in southwest France in June 2011, were(More)
The ank gene of the agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) codes for a protein with a predicted molecular size of 131.2 kDa that is recognized by serum from both dogs and humans infected with granulocytic ehrlichiae. As part of an effort to assess the phylogenetic relatedness of granulocytic ehrlichiae from different geographic regions and in(More)
Western blot analysis of proteins from a cell culture isolate (USG3) of the human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) agent has identified a number of immunoreactive proteins, including major antigenic proteins of 43 and 45 kDa. Peptides derived from the 43- and 45-kDa proteins were sequenced, and degenerate PCR primers based on these sequences were used to(More)
Bacterial genomics has greatly expanded our understanding of microdiversification patterns within a species, but analyses at higher taxonomical levels are necessary to understand and predict the independent rise of pathogens in a genus. We have sampled, sequenced, and assessed the diversity of genomes of validly named and tentative species of the(More)
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are among the most severe threats to the antibiotic era. Multiple different species can exhibit resistance due to many different mechanisms, and many different mobile elements are capable of transferring resistance between lineages. We prospectively sampled CRE from hospitalized patients from three Boston-area(More)
A highly purified saponin from Q. saponaria (QS-21) was tested in juvenile rhesus macaques for adjuvant activity and toxicity. The QS-21 was tested alone or as part of an experimental subunit HIV-1 vaccine containing a truncated recombinant HIV-1 envelope protein (gp160D) adsorbed to alum. Antibody responses were measured using ELISA and cell-mediated(More)
This unit describes the maintenance and care of insect cell cultures as well as the generation, purification, and storage of recombinant baculoviruses. Procedures are included for maintenance and subculturing of insect cells and cotransfection of insect cells with linearized baculovirus DNA and recombinant transfer plasmid containing the gene of interest.(More)
This unit describes how to analyze protein expression in cells infected with recombinant baculovirus on a small scale for optimizing protein production , how to maximize and scale up recombinant protein production, and how to purify recombinant proteins.