Cheryl I. Champion

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Pathogenic Leptospira spp. are spirochetes that have a low transmembrane outer membrane protein content relative to that of enteric gram-negative bacteria. In a previous study we identified a 31-kDa surface protein that was present in strains of Leptospira alstoni in amounts which correlated with the outer membrane particle density observed by freeze(More)
The numbers of host-adapted Borrelia burgdorferi (HAB) organisms in rabbit skin were assessed by real-time PCR over the first 3 weeks of infection. Maximal numbers were found at day 11, while spirochete numbers decreased by more than 30-fold by day 21. The antigenic composition of HAB in skin biopsy samples was determined by use of a procedure termed(More)
BACKGROUND Generation of robust cell-mediated immune responses at mucosal surfaces while reducing overall inflammation is a primary goal for vaccination. Here we report the use of a recombinant nanoparticle as a vaccine delivery platform against mucosal infections requiring T cell-mediated immunity for eradication. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We(More)
Two structural endoflagellar genes of Treponema pallidum that encode the 34.5- and 31.0-kilodalton (kDa) polypeptides as detected by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis were cloned, sequenced, and expressed. We designated these genes flaB1 and flaB3. A DNA sequence analysis of flaB1 and flaB3 showed that each gene possesses a single(More)
A modification of the in vitro immobilization assay together with freeze-fracture analysis was used to determine the factors responsible for the prolonged time required in vitro to achieve killing of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum. The modified immobilization assay permitted separate determination of the time required for binding of antibody to the(More)
The outer membranes of invasive spirochetes contain unusually small amounts of transmembrane proteins. Pathogenic Leptospira species produce a rare 31-kDa surface protein, OmpL1, which has a deduced amino acid sequence predictive of multiple transmembrane beta-strands. Studies were conducted to characterize the structure and function of this protein.(More)
In this study, we report the cloning, sequencing, and molecular analysis of a gene located on a 9.0-kbp circular plasmid of virulent Borrelia burgdorferi B31 designated eppA (exported plasmid protein A). This gene encodes a precursor protein of 174 amino acids including a signal peptide of 20 amino acids and a type I signal peptidase cleavage site. The(More)
We have isolated and purified outer membrane vesicles (OMV) from Borrelia burgdorferi strain B31 based on methods developed for isolation of Treponema pallidum OMV. Purified OMV exhibited distinct porin activities with conductances of 0.6 and 12.6 nano-Siemen and had no detectable beta-NADH oxidase activity indicating their outer membrane origin and their(More)
  • D R Blanco, K Reimann, +6 authors M A Lovett
  • Journal of bacteriology
  • 1994
The outer membranes from Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum and Treponema vincentii were isolated by a novel method. Purified outer membranes from T. pallidum and T. vincentii following sucrose gradient centrifugation banded at 7 and 31% (wt/wt) sucrose, respectively. Freeze fracture electron microscopy of purified membrane vesicles from T. pallidum and T.(More)
  • C I Champion, D R Blanco, +5 authors M A Lovett
  • Journal of bacteriology
  • 1997
In this study, we report the cloning, sequencing, and expression of the gene encoding a 28-kDa Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum rare outer membrane protein (TROMP), designated Tromp2. The tromp2 gene encodes a precursor protein of 242 amino acids including a putative signal peptide of 24 amino acids ending in a type I signal peptidase cleavage site of(More)