The dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia is usually presented in a static, rather than dynamic fashion. We propose that increased dopaminergic activity may represent a stage of a dynamic schizophrenic process rather than its cause. Dopamine, as well as other neurotransmitters, responds in an adaptive fashion to stimuli that perturb the homeostasis of the… (More)
The authors rated violent and violence-related behavior of patients on a psychiatric intensive care unit, and found that despite the restricted environment such behaviour was manifested to a considerable degree. The amount of violent behavior was significantly correlated with admission Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale ratings on measures of thought disorder… (More)
Two fetuses with severe anaemia due to rhesus incompatibility each received two early blood transfusions (between 23 and 25 weeks) by fetoscopy. The blood was given directly into an umbilical vessel, either at the umbilicus or at the placental cord insertion. Fetal blood samples were taken before and after transfusion to assess the haematological status of… (More)
An earlier article in this series (Holman et al 2005a) identified that in some circumstances the decision is made to administer artificial feeding. Here, Cheryl Holman, Sally Roberts and Maggie Nicol describe the reasons why artificial feeding may be necessary in older people and how it can be administered.
A series of three experiments addressed major problems concerning the use of serum levels as predictors of clinical response to thiothixene (Navane) hydrochloride in schizophrenia: correlation of initial test doses with clinical response; comparison of fluorescence spectrophotometry with gas chromatography in relation to clinical response; and comparison of… (More)
A.F. Evidence for distinct verbal memory pathologies in severely and mildly disturbed schizophrenics, 9(2):247-264, 1983.
Injection of ferric chloride (FeCl3) into the left amygdaloid nucleus of the rat produced partial complex seizures. Subsequent repeated apomorphine challenges revealed steady development of behavioral dopaminergic supersensitivity, above that observed in saline-injected controls. The behavioral supersensitivity observed in FeCl3-injected animals was… (More)
The authors measured serum neuroleptic activity and serum prolactin levels in 26 schizophrenic outpatients on prolonged neuroleptic therapy. Of the 24 patients, 11 had moderate to severe tardive dyskinesia, as assessed by the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS). AIMS scores were positively correlated with age, duration of illness, and negative… (More)
After establishing a strong correlation between steady-state thiothixene levels and levels drawn 2.5 hours after a 20-mg test dose, the authors examined the correlation between clinical improvement and serum levels drawn 2.5 hours after a single 20-mg test dose of thiothixene. For 30 male schizophrenic inpatients, improvement on the Brief Psychiatric Rating… (More)
Two experiments are reported in which acute single test dose levels of thiothixene (Navane) were correlated with age. In the first study 20 mg oral doses were given to 28 male subjects and serum levels were drawn 2 h later. Mean age was 30 and correlation of serum level with age was 0.43, P less than 0.02. In a second older group with a mean age of 41, 10… (More)