Cheryl Burke Jarvis

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The purpose of this study was to review the distinction between formative- and reflective-indicator measurement models, articulate a set of criteria for deciding whether measures are formative or reflective, illustrate some commonly researched constructs that have formative indicators, empirically test the effects of measurement model misspecification using(More)
It has been more than 40 years since Blalock (1964) noted the distinction between what he called " cause " (formative) and " effect " (reflective) indicators of latent variables, and three decades since the academic literature recognized that some SEM measurement models don't fit classical test theory's assumptions about the direction of causality of the(More)
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