Cheryl B. Knudson

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The predominant proteoglycan present in cartilage is the large chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan 'aggrecan'. Following its secretion, aggrecan self-assembles into a supramolecular structure with as many as 50 monomers bound to a filament of hyaluronan. Aggrecan serves a direct, primary role providing the osmotic resistance necessary for cartilage to resist(More)
Hyaluronate is a major component of the intercellular matrix surrounding proliferating and migrating cells in embryonic tissues. When placed in culture, mesodermal cells from the early, proliferative stages of limb development produce high levels of hyaluronate and exhibit prominent hyaluronate-dependent pericellular coats. Cells from the subsequent stages(More)
The high molecular weight glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan plays an important role in tissue remodeling during development, normal tissue homeostasis, and disease. The interaction of hyaluronan with matrix hyaluronan-binding proteins and cell-surface hyaluronan receptors regulates many aspects of cell behavior such as cell migration, cell-cell adhesion, and(More)
Initial assembly of extracellular matrix occurs within a zone immediately adjacent to the chondrocyte cell surface termed the cell-associated or pericellular matrix. Assembly within the pericellular matrix compartment requires specific cell-matrix interactions to occur, that are mediated via membrane receptors. The focus of this study is to elucidate the(More)
Hyaluronan exerts a variety of biological effects on cells including changes in cell migration, proliferation, and matrix metabolism. However, the signaling pathways associated with the action of hyaluronan on cells have not been clearly defined. In some cells, signaling is induced by the loss of cell-hyaluronan interactions. The goal of this study was to(More)
Bovine articular chondrocytes cultured in alginate beads were used to study the effect of catabolic cellular mediators on CD44 expression. Treatment with either the 29-kDa fragment of fibronectin or interleukin-1 alpha results in a time- and dose-dependent inhibition of proteoglycan synthesis as well as a stimulation in the expression of CD44 mRNA level as(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP-7) regulates cellular metabolism in embryonic and adult tissues. Signal transduction occurs through the activation of intracellular Smad proteins. In this paper, using a yeast two-hybrid screen, Smad1 was found to interact with the cytoplasmic domain of CD44, a receptor for the extracellular matrix macromolecule hyaluronan.(More)
Cell condensations are the initial structures in the formation of proper cartilage and skeletal patterning in the developing vertebrate limb. Chondrogenic differentiation is dependent upon the cell-cell and/or cell-matrix interactions which take place during the condensation process. Coincident with the onset of condensation is the expression by limb(More)
Hyaluronan turnover occurs systemically from the lymph and serum as well as locally by the same cells responsible for its synthesis. Local turnover involves receptor-mediated uptake and delivery to lysosomes. Of the many hyaluronan binding proteins/receptors known, the participation of CD44 in the internalization of hyaluronan has been best characterized.(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the capacity of recombinant osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1) to inhibit the cartilage extracellular matrix damage that follows treatment with hyaluronan hexasaccharides (HA6). DESIGN The effects of OP-1 were examined on isolated human chondrocytes grown in alginate beads as well as articular cartilage slices treated with hyaluronan(More)