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Factors associated with concentrations of energy-yielding nutrients in human milk were examined at 3, 6, 9, and 12 mo postpartum in the DARLING (Davis Area Research on Lactation, Infant Nutrition and Growth) Study. Samples were obtained by complete expression of alternate breasts over 24 h. Milk energy density was highly correlated with lipid concentration;(More)
BACKGROUND Pregnancy may contribute to overweight and obesity. PURPOSE The primary objective of Active Mothers Postpartum was to promote a reduction in BMI through 24-months postpartum via sustainable lifestyle changes. DESIGN Behavioral intervention RCT to enhance postpartum weight loss. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS A total of 450 overweight or obese women,(More)
BACKGROUND The retention of weight gained during pregnancy may contribute to obesity. Lactation should promote weight loss, but weight loss is highly variable among lactating women. The risks associated with the restriction of energy intake during lactation have not been adequately evaluated. The purpose of this study was to determine whether weight loss by(More)
BACKGROUND Pregnancy and the postpartum period have been suggested as important contributors to overweight and obesity among women. This paper presents the design, rationale, and baseline participant characteristics of a randomized controlled intervention trial to enhance weight loss in postpartum women who entered pregnancy overweight or obese. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND The potential risks and benefits of regular exercise during lactation have not been adequately evaluated. We investigated whether regular aerobic exercise had any effects on the volume or composition of breast milk. METHODS Six to eight weeks post partum, 33 sedentary women whose infants were being exclusively breast-fed were randomly assigned(More)
Persons with neuromuscular disease (NMD) have progressive weakness and wasting of skeletal muscle, reduced fat-free mass, and increased fat mass relative to healthy control subjects. To test the hypothesis that resting energy expenditure (REE), estimated total daily energy expenditure (TEE), and physical activity patterns are altered in ambulatory adults(More)
OBJECTIVE The study presents the immediate post-intervention results of Kids and Adults Now - Defeat Obesity!, a randomized controlled trial to enhance healthy lifestyle behaviors in mother-preschooler (2-5 years old) dyads in North Carolina (2007-2011). The outcomes include change from baseline in the child's diet, physical activity and weight, and in the(More)
BACKGROUND Children of obese parents are more likely to become obese than children of normal-weight parents. However, there is little information regarding the diet intakes of children of obese parents. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to determine the diet quality of preschoolers and their overweight/obese mothers, whether maternal and child diet quality were(More)
PURPOSE To examine the effect of yogurt supplementation pre- and postexercise on changes in body composition in overweight women engaged in a resistance-training program. METHODS Participants (age = 36.8 ± 4.8 yr) with a body-mass index of 29.1 ± 2.1 kg/m2 were randomized to yogurt supplement (YOG; n = 15) or isoenergetic sucrose beverage (CONT; n = 14)(More)
BACKGROUND Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a frequent cause of mortality and morbidity in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Human milk (HM) feeding has been associated with lower risk of NEC. However, mothers of VLBW infants often experience insufficient milk production, resulting in mixed feedings of HM and formula. Moreover, medical complications(More)