Cheryl A. Kitt

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mRNAs encoding five genetically distinct muscarinic ACh receptors are present in the CNS. Because of their pharmacological similarities, it has not been possible to detect the individual encoded proteins; thus, their physiological functions are not well defined. To characterize the family of proteins, a panel of subtype-selective antibodies was generated(More)
Trisomy 21 or Down syndrome (DS) is the most frequent genetic cause of mental retardation, affecting one in 800 live born human beings. Mice with segmental trisomy 16 (Ts65Dn mice) are at dosage imbalance for genes corresponding to those on human chromosome 21q21–22.3—which includes the so–called DS ‘critical region’. They do not show early–onset of(More)
Transgenic FVB/N mice overexpressing human (Hu) or mouse (Mo) Alzheimer amyloid precursor protein (APP695) die early and develop a CNS disorder that includes neophobia and impaired spatial alternation, with diminished glucose utilization and astrogliosis mainly in the cerebrum. Age at onset of neophobia and age at death decrease with increasing levels of(More)
Afferent connections of the avian paleostriatal complex were traced by means of anterograde and retrograde transport of horseradish peroxidase (HRP). The paleostriatum augmentatum (PA), a cell field comparable to mammalian caudate nucleus and putamen, was found to receive projections from a distinct population of elencephalic neurons in the(More)
Choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) immunohistochemistry was used to characterize the distribution of cholinergic neurons in the telencephalon of the reptile, Caiman crocodilus. ChAT-positive cell bodies were observed within the small-celled portion of the ventrolateral area of the telencephalon (VLA s.c.), a region previously considered comparable to the(More)
Overexpression of the gene encoding the beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) may have a key role in the pathogenesis of both Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Down Syndrome (DS). We have therefore introduced a 650 kilobase (kb) yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) that contains the entire, unrearranged 400 kb human APP gene into mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells by(More)
Using choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) immunocytochemistry and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) histochemistry, we investigated regional and laminar differences in cholinergic innervation in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, and thalamus of mice. In mice, unlike rats, the patterns of ChAT-immunostained and AChE-positive fibers are virtually identical(More)
The trajectories and telencephalic terminal fields of neurons within the area ventralis of Tsai (AVT) and nucleus tegmenti pedunculopontinus pars compacta (TPc) were determined in the pigeon by using amino acid autoradiography and horseradish peroxidase histochemistry. Previous histochemical studies have considered these cell groups comparable to the A10(More)
Lesions of the fimbria-fornix (FF) have been reported to cause retrograde changes in neurons of the medial septal nucleus (MSN). To analyze the nature and time course of these events, we investigated changes in cytoskeletal elements (phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated neurofilament (NF) proteins) and transmitter-related enzymes (choline acetyltransferase(More)