Learn More
Coingestion of cocaine and ethanol is common among cocaine users, and this combination is reported to enhance the euphoric effects of cocaine. The cardiovascular effects of cocaine are increased in the presence of ethanol, although the mechanism(s) involved in this interaction are poorly understood. Recent studies suggest the enhanced cardiac effects may be(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We have identified a subgroup of Helicobacter pylori-infected subjects with low or absent gastric acid output. The aim of this study was to document the morphological and functional abnormalities in these subjects and to assess the effect of eradicating the infection. METHODS The 16 hypochlorhydric subjects (6 men) had a mean age of 55(More)
The free (unbound) drug in serum is an important determinant of pharmacologic response. The present study was performed to more completely identify and evaluate factors affecting cocaine binding to human serum proteins. Protein binding was determined by ultrafiltration with [3H] cocaine. Cocaine binding parameters in serum from eight healthy volunteers were(More)
Cocaine use continues to be widespread in the United States. Most cocaine users co-ingest ethanol resulting in decreased elimination of cocaine and formation of the active cocaine metabolite, cocaethylene, by hepatic carboxylesterases. In a recent study from our laboratory in dogs to evaluate the cocaine-ethanol interaction, we demonstrated a similar(More)
BACKGROUND There are increasing indications for assessing Helicobacter pylori status by non-invasive means in dyspeptic patients. There is also increasing use of proton pump inhibitor therapy for dyspeptic disease. AIMS To determine the effect of proton pump inhibitor therapy on the accuracy of the [14C]urea breath test. PATIENTS [14C]Urea breath tests(More)
Proton pump inhibitors are potent drugs producing profound suppression of gastric acid secretion. Consequently, they are highly effective at treating acid-related disorders. There have been concerns that the suppression of gastric acid will alter the bacterial flora of the upper gastrointestinal tract and lead to complications such as cancer, enteric or(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Helicobacter pylori is believed to predispose to gastric cancer by inducing gastric atrophy and hypochlorhydria. First-degree relatives of patients with gastric cancer have an increased risk of developing gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of atrophy and hypochlorhydria and their association with H.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Omeprazole produces greater acid inhibition in Helicobacter pylori-positive than -negative subjects. We investigated whether this is accompanied by more profound changes in the intragastric milieu that facilitates bacterial synthesis of N-nitroso compounds. METHODS Gastric juice pH; nitrite, ascorbic acid, and total vitamin C(More)
BACKGROUND Current diagnostic tests for Helicobacter pylori are invasive (endoscopy) or indirect (urea breath test, serology). AIMS To evaluate a new enzyme immunoassay (EIA) which detects H pylori antigens in faeces, by comparing its sensitivity and specificity in children with the (13)C urea breath test (UBT). METHODS A total of 119 children underwent(More)
The pharmacokinetics of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole were studied in 12 healthy adult subjects receiving trimethoprim at 20 mg/kg of body weight per day and sulfamethoxazole at 100 mg/kg/day, which is the conventional dose for treating Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). Daily doses were evenly divided and orally administered every 6 h for 3 days.(More)