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Incubation of herpes simplex virus type 1-infected cells with succinyl-concanavalin A, a derivative of the jack bean lectin concanavalin A, resulted in the decreased production of virus. The mode of inhibition by the lectin was unclear. No effect was apparent on the level of viral DNA synthesis. However, incubation of infected cells with increasing(More)
A histologic pattern-based system of risk stratification for endocervical adenocarcinoma has been recently proposed on the basis of tumor-stroma interface and lymph-vascular invasion. The key utility of the system lies in separating cases with very low risk for nodal metastases (pattern A) from those with higher risk (patterns B and C), which may alter the(More)
Incubation of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infected cells with concanavalin A (Con A) interferes with binding of the Fc portion of antibody. In addition, the lectin inhibits complement mediated cytolysis, probably by interference with antibody binding. These results suggest that binding sites of both Fc and HSV antibody contain residues which attract Con A.
The squamocolumnar junction (SCJ) cell population of the uterine cervix is a discrete epithelial area and the putative source of the majority of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL). The SCJ cells can be identified by immunohistochemical (IHC) stains including cytokeratin 7 (CK7). Others have theorized that an SCJ marker-positive low-grade(More)
BACKGROUND Stage-specific survival for colon cancer improves when more lymph nodes are reported in the surgical specimen. This has led to a minimum standard of identifying 12 lymph nodes as a quality indicator. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine whether the addition of Schwartz solution increases node yield and impacts pathologic staging. (More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, most commonly genotype 16 of the alpha-9 family, is implicated in the etiology of a subset of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OPSC) worldwide. Data are scarce regarding OPSC in South Africans, and three prior studies suggest no significant etiologic role for HPV. We aimed to investigate for evidence of HPV(More)
Previous studies of p16 immunohistochemistry (IHC) on CIN1 have suggested the likely utility of p16 in stratification of women at risk for subsequent CIN2/3. But those studies had limitations in statistical power, histologic diagnosis, and disease ascertainment. We conducted a retrospective study of p16 IHC on adjudicated CIN1 tissue diagnosed in young(More)
OBJECTIVE The 2014 Bethesda System recommends that benign-appearing endometrial cells (BECs) in routine Pap tests should be reported in patients aged ≥45 years. This is a change from previous guidelines to report BECs in women ≥40 years of age. BECs are reported to have 1% chance of endometrial lesion on follow-up. This study tests whether the new threshold(More)
Cervical high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (CIN2-3) is thought to arise from a distinct population of cells at the squamocolumnar junction (SCJ). Immunohistochemical (IHC) biomarkers that characterize the SCJ phenotype, including CK7, have been proposed as tools to separate the subset of low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSILs) (CIN1)(More)