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Generation of a strong electrical potential in the cochlea is uniquely mammalian and may reflect recent evolutionary advances in cellular voltage-dependent amplifiers. This endocochlear potential is hypothesized to dramatically improve hearing sensitivity, a concept that is difficult to explore experimentally, because manipulating cochlear function(More)
Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) is a dysmyelinating disease resulting from mutations, deletions, or duplications of the proteolipid protein (PLP) gene. Distinguishing features of PMD include pleiotropy and a range of disease severities among patients. Previously, we demonstrated that, when expressed in transfected fibroblasts, many naturally occurring(More)
We describe functional tests and molecular modeling of erythroid Krüppel-like factor (EKLF) interactions with its DNA binding site. EKLF, a zinc finger-containing, erythroid-specific transcription factor, binds and transactivates from the CACCC element, an evolutionarily conserved DNA sequence present within a large number of erythroid-specific promoters(More)
Oligodendrocyte-specific protein (OSP)/claudin-11 is a recently identified transmembrane protein found in CNS myelin and testis with unknown function. Herein we demonstrate that Osp null mice exhibit both neurological and reproductive deficits: CNS nerve conduction is slowed, hindlimb weakness is conspicuous, and males are sterile. Freeze fracture reveals(More)
The unfolded protein response (UPR) is a eukaryotic signaling pathway linking protein flux through the endoplasmic reticulum to transcription and translational repression. Herein, we demonstrate UPR activation in the leukodystrophy Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) as well as in three mouse models of this disease and transfected fibroblasts expressing(More)
The proteolipid protein (PLP) gene encodes two myelin-specific protein isoforms, DM-20 and PLP, which are members of the highly conserved lipophilin family of transmembrane proteins. While the functions of this family are poorly understood, the fact that null mutations of the PLP gene cause leukodystrophy in man is testament to the importance of DM-20 and(More)
Homeodomain proteins play critical roles during development in cell fate determination and proliferation, but few studies have defined gene regulatory networks for this class of transcription factors in differentiated cells. Using a lacZ-knock-in strategy to ablate Nkx6-2, we find that the Nkx6-2 promoter is active embryonically in neuroblasts and(More)
Erythroid Krüppel-like factor (EKLF) is an erythroid cell-specific DNA-binding protein that activates transcription from the beta-globin CACCC element, a functionally important and evolutionarily conserved component of globin as well as other erythroid cell-specific promoters and enhancers. We have attempted to elucidate the molecular role of EKLF in(More)
Examination of the cytoskeleton has demonstrated the pivotal role of regulatory proteins governing cytoskeletal dynamics. Most work has focused on cell cycle and cell migration regarding cancer. However, these studies have yielded tremendous insight for development, particularly in the nervous system where all major cell types remodel their shape, generate(More)
Erythroid Krüppel-like factor (EKLF) is an erythroid cell-specific transcription factor that mediates activation via binding to a 9 base pair sequence that encompasses the CACCC element, one of a trio of evolutionarily conserved sequence motifs that are functionally important for transcription of red cell-specific genes. Molecular analyses have delineated(More)