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Previously, we reported that the stress associated with chronic isolation was associated with increased beta-amyloid (Abeta) plaque deposition and memory deficits in the Tg2576 transgenic animal model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) [Dong H, Goico B, Martin M, Csernansky CA, Bertchume A, Csernansky JG (2004) Effects of isolation stress on hippocampal(More)
Isolated central hypothyroidism, characterized by insufficient TSH secretion resulting in low levels of thyroid hormones, is a rare disorder. We report a boy in whom isolated central hypothyroidism was diagnosed at 9 yr of age. Complete absence of TSH and PRL responses to TRH led us to speculate that he had an inactivating mutation of the TRH receptor gene.(More)
Meier-Gorlin syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive genetic condition whose primary clinical hallmarks include small stature, small external ears and small or absent patellae. Using marker-assisted mapping in multiple families from a founder population and traditional coding exon sequencing of positional candidate genes, we identified three different(More)
The mouse igf2 gene, coding for the insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) is parentally imprinted, only the gene copy derived from the father is expressed. To know whether IGF2, the human homologue, is also imprinted, we used an ApaI polymorphism at the 3' untranslated region in order to distinguish between mRNA derived from each copy of the gene in(More)
It has been previously shown that adrenocortical tumors (ACT) in adults exhibit structural abnormalities in tumor DNA in approximately 30% of cases. These abnormalities involve chromosome 11p15 and include loss of heterozygosity, paternal isodisomy, and overexpression of the gene for insulin-like growth factor II (IGF2), correlating with DNA demethylation(More)
Patients with elderly-onset rheumatoid arthritis (EORA) may represent a clinical subset of individuals who differ prognostically and therapeutically from patients with younger-onset disease (YORA). In order to test this hypothesis, we reviewed the records of 212 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and grouped them according to age at onset above or below 60(More)
Primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) in the pediatric population (0-18 yr) is most commonly attributed to congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), which occurs in about 1 in 15,000 births, followed by Addison's disease, with an assumed autoimmune etiology. However, molecular advances have increased the number of possible diagnoses. The objective of this study(More)
CONTEXT Evidence exists for X-linked parent-of-origin effects in Turner syndrome, because phenotypic and cognitive profiles differ between 45,X(maternal) and 45,X(paternal) individuals. OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN We evaluated the parent-of-origin effect of the intact X chromosome on spontaneous growth, GH-stimulated height gain, and frequency of sensorineural(More)
Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy (APECED) is a rare autoimmune disease causing a wide spectrum of autoimmune dysfunction potentially including diabetes of an autoimmune etiology. We have previously described a pair of discordant APECED siblings and pointed to a possible role of 5'insulin variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR)(More)
Plasticity in developmental programming has evolved in order to provide the best chances of survival and reproductive success to the organism under changing environments. Environmental conditions that are experienced in early life can profoundly influence human biology and long-term health. Developmental origins of health and disease and life-history(More)