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In a post-mortem study, we compared subjects with metal implants with and without visible wear with an age-matched control group to determine the extent and effects of dissemination of wear debris. In subjects with stainless-steel and cobalt-chrome prostheses metal was found in local and distant lymph nodes, bone marrow, liver and spleen. The levels were(More)
We tested the hypothesis that vestibular and cardiac rhythms compete to modulate muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in human subjects. Sinusoidal galvanic vestibular stimulation was applied across the mastoid processes at each subject's cardiac frequency and at ±0.1, ±0.2, ±0.3 and ±0.6 Hz. Cyclic modulation of MSNA was weakest at this central(More)
A modified Cybex II isokinetic dynamometer was used to evaluate the problems associated with measuring the concentric force-velocity characteristics of human knee extensor muscles. Three contraction protocols were investigated, simple voluntary contractions (VC); releases from maximal voluntary isometric contractions (VR) and releases from. isometric(More)
We have previously demonstrated that selective modulation of vestibular inputs, via sinusoidal galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) delivered at 0.5–0.8 Hz, can cause partial entrainment of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA). Given that we had seen interaction between the dynamic vestibular input and the normal cardiac-locked MSNA rhythm, we tested(More)
Blood pressure is controlled on a beat-to-beat basis through fluctuations in heart rate and the degree of sympathetically-mediated vasoconstriction in skeletal muscles. By recording muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) at the same time as performing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of the brain, we aimed to identify cortical structures(More)
In thermoneutral conditions resting skin sympathetic nerve activity (SSNA) is related to the level of arousal and emotional state. The brain regions responsible for the generation of spontaneous SSNA are not known. In the present study we used concurrent recordings of SSNA and brain activity in awake humans to identify cortical and subcortical areas(More)
We have previously shown that sinusoidal galvanic vestibular stimulation (sGVS), a means of a selectively modulating vestibular afferent input without affecting other inputs, can cause partial entrainment of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA). Given that motion sickness causes sweating and pallor, we tested the hypothesis that sGVS also entrains skin(More)
Studies previously performed in our laboratory have shown that sinusoidal galvanic vestibular stimulation (sGVS), a means of selectively modulating vestibular input without affecting other inputs, can cause partial entrainment of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) at frequencies ranging from 0.2 to 2.0 Hz. Here we test the effect of sGVS on(More)
The sympathetic innervation of the skin not only primarily subserves thermoregulation, but has also been commandeered as a means of emotional expression. While the majority of brain imaging studies of emotion have utilised the galvanic skin response as a means of inferring changes in skin sympathetic nerve activity (SSNA), spontaneous fluctuations in the(More)
The sympathetic innervation of the skin primarily subserves thermoregulation, but the system has also been commandeered as a means of expressing emotion. While it is known that the level of skin sympathetic nerve activity (SSNA) is affected by anxiety, the majority of emotional studies have utilized the galvanic skin response as a means of inferring(More)