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The gene encoding a type I pullulanase from the hyperthermophilic anaerobic bacterium Thermotoga neapolitana (pulA) was cloned in Escherichia coli and sequenced. The pulA gene from T. neapolitana showed 91.5% pairwise amino acid identity with pulA from Thermotoga maritima and contained the four regions conserved in all amylolytic enzymes. pulA encodes a(More)
Genomic analysis of the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus revealed the presence of an open reading frame (ORF PF1939) similar to the enzymes in glycoside hydrolase family 13. This amylolytic enzyme, designated PFTA (Pyrococcus furiosus thermostable amylase), was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant PFTA was extremely(More)
A gene (thaI) corresponding to L-arabinose isomerase from Thermus strain IM6501 was cloned by PCR. It comprised 1488 nucleotides and encoded a polypeptide of 496 residues with a predicted molecular weight of 56019 Da. The deduced amino acid sequence had 96.8% identity with the L-arabinose isomerase of Geobacillus stearothermophilus. Recombinant ThaI with(More)
Puerarin (daidzein 8-C-glucoside), the most abundant isoflavone in Puerariae radix, is prescribed to treat coronary heart disease, cardiac infarction, problems in ocular blood flow, sudden deafness, and alcoholism. However, puerarin cannot be given by injection due to its low solubility in water. To increase its solubility, puerarin was transglycosylated(More)
Amylosucrase (ASase, EC 2.4.1.4) is a member of family 13 of the glycoside hydrolases that catalyze the synthesis of an alpha-(1-->4)-linked glucan polymer from sucrose instead of an expensive activated sugar, such as ADP- or UDP-glucose. Transglycosylation reactions mediated by the ASases of Deinococcus geothermalis (DGAS) and Neisseria polysaccharea(More)
A gene (ssg) encoding a putative glucoamylase in a hyperthermophilic archaeon, Sulfolobus solfataricus, was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli, and the properties of the recombinant protein were examined in relation to the glucose production process. The recombinant glucoamylase was extremely thermostable, with an optimal temperature at 90 degrees C.(More)
The genes encoding beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase (nagA and cbsA) from Thermotoga maritima and Thermotoga neapolitana were cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli in order to investigate whether Thermotoga sp. is capable of utilizing chitin as a carbon source. NagA and CbsA were purified to homogeneity by HiTrap Q HP and Sephacryl S-200 HR column(More)
An exopolysaccharide-producing Gram negative bacterium was isolated and determined to be a Sphingomonas sp. (CS101). A sugar composition analysis of an exopolysaccharide indicated that the Sphingomonas sp. CS101 secreted an exopolysaccharide composed of glucose, mannose, fucose, and rhamnose in the ratio of 2.1:1.1:1.0:0.1, suggesting that this(More)
INTRODUCTION Kudzu root (Radix puerariae) is a rich source of isoflavones that are effective in preventing osteoporosis, heart disease and symptoms associated with menopause. The major isoflavonoids in kudzu root extracts were reported as puerarin, daidzin and daidzein. Recently, an unknown isoflavonoid (compound 1) was detected from one-year-old kudzu root(More)
Two heterotrophic hyperthermophilic strains, ES1(T) and CL1(T), were isolated from Paralvinella sp. polychaete worms collected from active hydrothermal vent chimneys in the north-eastern Pacific Ocean. Both were obligately anaerobic and produced H2S in the presence of elemental sulfur and H2. Complete genome sequences are available for both strains.(More)