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The effects of exendin-4 on Sirt1 expression as a mechanism of reducing fatty liver have not been previously reported. Therefore, we investigated whether the beneficial effects of exendin-4 treatment on fatty liver are mediated via Sirt1 in high-fat (HF) diet-induced obese C57BL/6J mice and related cell culture models. Exendin-4 treatment decreased body(More)
INTRODUCTION Several in vitro studies have suggested the effects of adipokines and insulin resistance on breast cancer cell proliferation and survival. However, little is known about the clinical significance of these findings. METHODS We examined associations between breast cancer recurrence and adiponectin, leptin, insulin resistance, and metabolic(More)
BACKGROUND The National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) recently signed an agreement to provide limited open access to the databases within the Korean Diabetes Association for the benefit of Korean subjects with diabetes. Here, we present the history, structure, contents, and way to use data procurement in the Korean National Health Insurance (NHI) system(More)
The current recommendations for the treatment of obese people include increased physical activity and reduced calories intake. When the behavioral approach is not sufficient, a pharmacologic treatment is recommended. In past years, numerous drugs have been approved for the treatment of obesity; however, most of them have been withdrawn from the market(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the relationships of adiponectin/leptin (A/L) ratio with cardiovascular risk factors, insulin resistance index, and metabolic syndrome (MS) in apparently healthy Korean male adults. METHODS Sixty-eight male subjects were enrolled among the participants of an annual health check-up program (mean age, 55.1 years). Percent body fat(More)
PURPOSE Urolithiasis develops more frequently in patients with a family history (FHx). However, little is known about risk factors in stone formers with a FHx. The aim of this study was to examine the clinico-metabolic characteristics of urinary stone formers according to FHx. MATERIALS AND METHODS A database of 1,068 stone formers who underwent a(More)
Predictive Situation Awareness (PSAW) is the ability to estimate and predict aspects of a temporally evolving situation. PSAW systems reason about complex and uncertain situations involving multiple targets observed by multiple sensors at different times. Multi-Entity Bayesian Networks (MEBN) are rich enough to represent and reason about uncertainty in(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between 1,5-anhydroglucitol (AG) levels, which are a marker of glycemic control, and stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This was a cross-sectional study with 269 subjects with type 2 diabetes who were divided into four groups based on estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using(More)
High-level fusion of hard and soft information from diverse sensor types still depends heavily on human cognition. This results in a scalability conundrum that current technologies are incapable of solving. Although there is widespread acknowledgement that an HLF framework must support automated knowledge representation and reasoning with uncertainty, there(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether there is a difference in the association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and incident diabetes based on the presence of impaired fasting glucose. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 7,849 individuals (5,409 men and 2,440 women) without diabetes, who underwent comprehensive health check-ups annually for 5(More)