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BACKGROUND Recent clinical guidelines on the health risks of obesity use body mass index (BMI; calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters) and waist circumference, but the waist-hip ratio may provide independent information. METHODS To assess the joint and relative associations of BMI, waist circumference, and waist-hip(More)
INTRODUCTION The dentatorubrothalamic tract (DRTT) originates from the dentate nucleus in the cerebellum and terminates in the contralateral ventrolateral nucleus (VL) of the thalamus after decussating to the contralateral red nucleus. Identification of the DRTT is difficult due to the fact that it is a long, multisynaptic, neural tract crossing to the(More)
Tea has consistently been shown to inhibit the occurrence of tumors in experimental animals. The evidence for such a beneficial effect in humans, however, is limited. The authors examined the association between non-herbal tea consumption and cancer incidence in a prospective cohort study of 35,369 postmenopausal Iowa women. In this cohort, information on(More)
The rubrospinal tract (RST) is an extrapyramidal motor pathway in the human brain. In this study, using diffusion tensor tractography (DTT), we attempted to identify the RST in the normal human brain. Twenty-one healthy volunteers were recruited for this study. A 1.5-T scanner was used for scanning of diffusion tensor images, and the RSTs were isolated by(More)
BACKGROUND Heterocyclic amines, mutagens formed in meats cooked at high temperatures, have been demonstrated as mammary carcinogens in animals. We conducted a nested, case-control study among 41836 cohort members of the Iowa Women's Health Study to evaluate the potential role of heterocyclic amines and intake of well-done meat in the risk for human breast(More)
OBJECTIVE The recent development of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) allows visualization and estimation of the medial cholinergic pathway (MCP), which originates from the nucleus basalis of Meynert and provides cortical cholinergic innervation to the cerebral cortex. We investigated the injury to the MCP in patients with traumatic axonal injury (TAI), using(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the feasibility of labeling human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) with bifunctional nanoparticles and assessing their potential as imaging probes in the monitoring of hMSC transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS The T1 and T2 relaxivities of the nanoparticles (MNP@SiO(2)[RITC]-PEG) were measured at 1.5T and 3T magnetic resonance(More)
The corticospinal tract (CST) is generally classified into the crossed lateral CST and the uncrossed anterior CST. No diffusion tensor imaging study for identification of the anterior CST in the human brain has been conducted. Using diffusion tensor imaging, we attempted to identify the anterior CST and investigate the characteristics of the anterior CST in(More)
Because Broca's area and Wernicke's area in the brain are connected by the arcuate fasciculus, understanding the anatomical location and morphometry of the arcuate fasciculus can help in the treatment of patients with aphasia. We measured the horizontal and vertical curvature ranges of the arcuate fasciculus in both hemispheres in 12 healthy subjects using(More)
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