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In 2008 we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, research on this topic has continued to accelerate, and many new scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Accordingly, it is important to update these guidelines for monitoring autophagy(More)
Daxx is a multifunctional protein that regulates a variety of cellular processes, including transcription, cell cycle, and apoptosis. SPOP is a BTB (Bric-a-brac/Tramtrack/Broad complex) protein that constitutes Cul3-based ubiquitin ligases. Here we show that SPOP serves as an adaptor of Daxx for the ubiquitination by Cul3-based ubiquitin ligase and(More)
Using a computerized videomicroscope motion analysis system, we investigated the photomovements of two Synechocystis sp. (PCC 6803 and ATCC 27184). Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 displays a relatively slow gliding motion. The phototactic and photokinetic speeds of this cyanobacterium in liquid media were 5 microns/min and 15.8 microns/min, respectively, at 3(More)
We report a Notch signal-induced pathway that leads to transcriptional activation of HIF1-alpha gene. HeLa/rtTAA/TRE-N1-IC cell line capable of doxycycline-induced expression of human Notch1-IC was established. The induction of Notch signaling activates HIF1-alpha and its target gene expression in HeLa/rtTAA/TRE-N1-IC cells. Notch signaling enhanced signal(More)
The biochemical role of poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation on internucleosomal DNA fragmentation associated with apoptosis was investigated in HL 60 human premyelocytic leukemia cells. It was found that UV light and chemotherapeutic drugs including adriamycin, mitomycin C, and cisplatin increased poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation of nuclear proteins, particularly histone H1. A(More)
The Schizosaccharomyces pombe uvi31+ gene has been previously isolated as a UV-inducible gene [Lee JK et al. (1994) Biochem Biophys Res Commun 202:1113-1119]. This gene encodes a protein of about 12 kDa with 57% amino acid sequence similarity to Escherichia coli BolA protein which is known to be involved in switching between the cell elongation and(More)
  • D Y Kim, Y Kam, S K Koo, C O Joe
  • The Journal of biological chemistry
  • 1999
The regulation of gap junctional permeability by phosphorylation was examined in a model system in which connexin 43 (Cx43) gap junction hemichannels were reconstituted in lipid vesicles. Cx43 was immunoaffinity-purified from rat brain, and Cx43 channels were reconstituted into unilamellar phospholipid liposomes. The activities of the reconstituted channels(More)
Though lactoferrin (LF) is a glycoprotein that is involved in immunomodulation, its action mechanism has not been fully elucidated. Previous studies have suggested that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) activity is inhibited by direct binding between LPS and LF. However, here we show that when LPS and purified LF was mixed, and formed a complex (termed as LF-LPS),(More)
Gap junction channels reconstituted in liposomes provide a pathway for the transfer of second messengers. Gap junction channels were formed in the artificial unilamellar liposomes using immunoaffinity-purified connexin 43 gap junction protein from rat brain. Sucrose-permeable and -impermeable liposomes were separated on the basis of sucrose permeability in(More)
Four UV-inducible cDNA clones, UVI15, UVI18, UVI22 and UVI31, were isolated from Schizosaccharomyces pombe by subtraction hybridization. All transcripts of these clones were rapidly induced about 5 to 10 fold within 1 hour after UV-irradiation and the nucleotide sequences of these clones did not showed any significant sequence homology to the known genes in(More)