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In 2008 we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, research on this topic has continued to accelerate, and many new scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Accordingly, it is important to update these guidelines for monitoring autophagy(More)
Daxx is a multifunctional protein that regulates a variety of cellular processes, including transcription, cell cycle, and apoptosis. SPOP is a BTB (Bric-a-brac/Tramtrack/Broad complex) protein that constitutes Cul3-based ubiquitin ligases. Here we show that SPOP serves as an adaptor of Daxx for the ubiquitination by Cul3-based ubiquitin ligase and(More)
The 14-3-3 epsilon protein was identified as one of the caspase-3 substrates by the modified yeast two-hybrid system. The cellular 14-3-3 epsilon protein was also cleaved in response to the treatment of apoptosis inducers in cultured mammalian cells. Asp238 of the 14-3-3 epsilon protein was determined as the site of cleavage by caspase-3. The affinity of(More)
Human lymphocytes which were non-mitogen-stimulated, and which were depleted of lipoproteins, were found to be deficient in DNA excision repair typically initiated in these cells in response to treatment with a direct-acting polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon carcinogen. Lymphocytes either depleted of lipoproteins or supplemented with human low-density(More)
We report a Notch signal-induced pathway that leads to transcriptional activation of HIF1-alpha gene. HeLa/rtTAA/TRE-N1-IC cell line capable of doxycycline-induced expression of human Notch1-IC was established. The induction of Notch signaling activates HIF1-alpha and its target gene expression in HeLa/rtTAA/TRE-N1-IC cells. Notch signaling enhanced signal(More)
Dual-specificity tyrosine(Y) regulated kinase 1A (DYRK1A) is a serine/threonine protein kinase implicated in mental retardation resulting from Down syndrome. In this study, we carried out yeast two-hybrid screening to find proteins regulating DYRK1A kinase activity. We identified 14-3-3 as a Dyrk1A interacting protein, which is consistent with the previous(More)
Using a computerized videomicroscope motion analysis system, we investigated the photomovements of two Synechocystis sp. (PCC 6803 and ATCC 27184). Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 displays a relatively slow gliding motion. The phototactic and photokinetic speeds of this cyanobacterium in liquid media were 5 microns/min and 15.8 microns/min, respectively, at 3(More)
Human papillomavirus E2 protein is a transcription factor of viral gene expression and DNA replication. Here we show that PARP is a positive regulator of the E2 protein of human papillomavirus type 18 (HPV-18). PARP interacted with the COOH terminal region of HPV-18 E2 in vitro. The E2 interaction domain within PARP is located in the NH(2)-terminal zinc(More)
Development of nervous tissue is a coordinated process of neural progenitor cell (NPC) proliferation and neuronal differentiation. Intracellular signalling events that regulate the balance between NPC proliferation and neuronal differentiation, therefore, determine the size and composition of nervous tissues. Here, we demonstrate that negative regulation of(More)
Four UV-inducible cDNA clones, UVI15, UVI18, UVI22 and UVI31, were isolated from Schizosaccharomyces pombe by subtraction hybridization. All transcripts of these clones were rapidly induced about 5 to 10 fold within 1 hour after UV-irradiation and the nucleotide sequences of these clones did not showed any significant sequence homology to the known genes in(More)