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Histone acetyltransferases (HATs) use acetyl CoA to acetylate target lysine residues within histones and other transcription factors, such as the p53 tumor suppressor, to promote gene activation. HAT enzymes fall into subfamilies with divergence in sequence and substrate preference. Several HAT proteins have been implicated in human cancer. We have(More)
Culture in the fluorimetric Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube (MGIT) treated with a combination of vancomycin, amphotericin B, and nalidixic acid (VAN) showed growth of most strains of 31 mycobacterial species with a less-than-1-day delay. The results were similar to those in the MGIT with polymyxin B, amphotericin B, nalidixic acid, trimethoprim, and(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the beneficial effects of Schisandrae semen essential oil (SSeo) on apoptosis events and the mechanisms associated with these effects in human leukemia U937 cells. The treatment of U937 cells with SSeo significantly inhibited survival and induced apoptosis. Schisandrae semen essential oil treatment increased the levels(More)
BACKGROUND Pyrazinamide (PZA) is among the first-line drugs for the treatment of tuberculosis. In vitro, it kills semidormant mycobacteria only at low pH. The purpose of this study was to compare PZA resistance with pyrazinamidase (PZase) activity and the genotype to better understand the molecular basis of PZA resistance and to expand the profile of pncA(More)
The clinical efficacy of a spoligotyping method for discriminating Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains was evaluated. Among the strains other than Beijing or Beijing like family, 30 different spoligotypes out of 39 strains were produced, which included 4 strains not having IS6110 sequence. The oligonucleotide chip-based spoligotyping technique is useful for(More)
Oligonucleotide chips targeting the bacterial internal transcribed spacer region (ITS) of the 16S-23S rRNA gene, which contains genus- and species-specific regions, were developed and evaluated. Forty-three sequences were designed consisting of 1 universal, 3 Gram stain-specific, 9 genus-specific, and 30 species-specific probes. The specificity of the(More)
The in vitro activities of CG400549, a novel FabI inhibitor, were compared to those of linezolid and commonly used antimicrobials against recent bacterial isolates. CG400549 had an MIC(90) of 0.5 microg/ml for Staphylococcus aureus strains and was more potent than either linezolid or vancomycin.
Recent studies have demonstrated that 7,8-dihydroxyflavone (7,8-DHF), a newly identified tyrosine kinase receptor B agonist, is a potent antioxidant agent. The present study was designed to confirm the cytoprotective effects of 7,8-DHF against oxidative stress-induced cellular damage and to further elucidate the underlying mechanisms in C2C12 myoblasts. We(More)
In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of purpurogallin, a naturally occurring phenol, on the production of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pro-inflammatory mediators and cytokines in BV2 microglia cells. The cells were pre-treated or not with various concentrations of purpurogallin and then stimulated with 0.5 µg/ml LPS. Cell viability was(More)
7,8-Dihydroxyflavone (7,8-DHF), a member of the flavonoid family, has received considerable attention as a selective tyrosine kinase receptor B agonist. However, the pharmacological mechanisms responsible for its anti-inflammatory activities in microglial cells have yet to be elucidated. In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory effects of this(More)