Cheol-Hwan Kim

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Rotavirus is the most important etiological agent in children with acute gastroenteritis (AGE). The recent implementation of a rotavirus vaccine in Korea requires the monitoring of prevailing rotavirus strains in order to control the infection. One hundred thirty-nine rotavirus strains were detected in children hospitalized with AGE in Seoul, Korea from(More)
BACKGROUND Rates of smoking in East Asian men range from >35% to >60%, and are increasing in women and the young. OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of 1 mg BID varenicline, a novel alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor partial agonist, for smoking cessation in smokers in Taiwan and Korea. METHODS A randomized,(More)
Recently, the emergence of a new NoV GII-4 variant strain every 2 or 3 years has been reported. One hundred seventeen NoV GII strains were detected by RT-PCR in children with AGE between August 2008 and February 2010. In phylogenetic analyses, GII-4 and GII-3 were the most frequently detected strains. The detection rate of the 2008 variant was similar to(More)
Human parechoviruses (HPeVs) are associated with gastroenteritis (GE), although their etiologic role is uncertain. The purpose of this study was to detect HPeVs in children with GE in Korea. A total of 348 stool samples that were negative for common enteric viruses were screened for HPeV using RT-PCR. Of the 348 stool samples, seven (2.0%) were positive for(More)
Human bocavirus (HBoV)-2, a new parvovirus, has been identified in stool samples and is suggested to be one of the etiologic agents of acute gastroenteritis (GE). The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of HBoV-2 in children with GE. Stool samples were collected from 358 children hospitalized with GE. HBoV-2 was detected in 3.6% of the(More)
Effects of three-dimensional (3D) calcium phosphate (CaP) porous granules on the growth and odontogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) were examined for dental tissue engineering. hDPSCs isolated from adult human dental pulps were cultured for 3-4 passages, and populated on porous granules. Cell growth on the culture dish showed an(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between the pattern of prophylactic antibiotic use (PAU) and the surgical site infection (SSI) rate for major surgeries in Korea. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent cardiac, colon and gastric surgery, hysterectomies and hip/knee replacements(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the effects of homozygous deletions of GSTM1 and GSTT1 and smoking on bladder cancer, we conducted a case-control and ecological study. METHODS The case group consisted of 216 patients with bladder cancer and the control group of 449 healthy Koreans. Every subject was personally interviewed to obtain a detailed smoking history,(More)
A human bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library was constructed with high molecular weight DNA extracted from the blood of a male Korean. This Korean BAC library contains 100,224 clones of insert size ranging from 70 to 150 kb, with an average size of 86 kb, corresponding to a 2.9-fold redundancy of the genome. The average insert size was determined(More)