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A multiplex PCR assay was designed to amplify the Aeromonas hydrophila and A. veronii bv. sobria hemolysin and aerolysin genes. The assay was evaluated by using 121 clinical isolates and 7 reference strains of Aeromonas spp., and these were divided into five genotypes on the basis of the results of the multiplex PCR. The five genotypes were characterized as(More)
PURPOSE To study the aggregation of bovine gamma-crystallins in aqueous solutions and the effect of gamma(s)-crystallin on the aggregation of other gamma-crystallins. METHODS Aggregation in aqueous solutions of gamma(s)-, gammaII-, and gammaIVa-crystallin was monitored by quasielastic light scattering. Aggregation in mixtures of gamma(s)- and(More)
GTI-2040 is a 20-mer oligonucleotide that is complementary to a coding region in the mRNA of the R2 small subunit component of human ribonucleotide reductase. In vitro studies using a number of human tumor cell lines have demonstrated that GTI-2040 decreases mRNA and protein levels of R2 in a sequence- and target-specific manner. In vivo studies have shown(More)
Mineral dust aerosols can influence the Earth's climate system to a significant degree and have a strong effect on terrestrial and oceanic biogeochemical cycles. As one step in quantifying dust sources, sinks, and transport, this paper seeks to quantify the presence of dust storms in the Sahara desert, which is the most active worldwide source of dust. Our(More)
BACKGROUND Positron emission tomography scanners collect measurements of a patient's in vivo radiotracer distribution. The system detects pairs of gamma rays emitted indirectly by a positron-emitting radionuclide (tracer), which is introduced into the body on a biologically active molecule, and the tomograms must be reconstructed from projections. The(More)
BACKGROUND Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a minimally invasive imaging technique, which utilizes the spatial and temporal coherence properties of optical waves backscattered from biological material. Recent advances in tunable lasers and infrared camera technologies have enabled an increase in the OCT imaging speed by a factor of more than 100, which(More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate the ability of high speed, ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography (UHR-OCT) to measure and characterize in vivo visual stimulus-specific pupil dynamics in birds. METHODS Ten two-week old White Leghorn (Gallus gallus domesticus) chickens were imaged in this study. The chickens were dark-adapted for 1 hour and anesthetized(More)
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