Chenyang Zhao

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microRNA is necessary for osteoclast differentiation, function and survival. It has been reported that miR-199/214 cluster plays important roles in vertebrate skeletal development and miR-214 inhibits osteoblast function by targeting ATF4. Here, we show that miR-214 is up-regulated during osteoclastogenesis from bone marrow monocytes (BMMs) with macrophage(More)
Detecting coherent motion is significant for analysing the crowd motion in video applications. In this study, we propose the Collective Density Clustering(CDC) approach to recognize both local and global coherent motion having arbitrary shapes and varying densities. Firstly, the collective density is defined to reveal the underlying patterns with varying(More)
mRNAs encoding inflammatory chemokines that recruit neutrophils frequently exhibit short half-lives that serve to limit their expression under inappropriate conditions but are often prolonged to ensure adequate levels during inflammatory response. Extracellular stimuli that modulate the stability of such mRNAs may be the same as the transcriptional(More)
IL-17 contributes to inflammatory response in part by promoting enhanced expression of chemokines, such as CXCL1, by prolonging the t(1/2) of this constitutively unstable mRNA. Although IL-17 is a weak stimulus for transcription of the CXCL1 gene, it strongly potentiates message accumulation via stabilization when the mRNA is transcribed in cells stimulated(More)
The protection effect of verbascoside (Ver) against Fenton reaction on plasmid pBR322 DNA was studied using agarose gel electrophoresis and UV-visible spectroscopy. The pBR322 plasmid DNA is damaged by hydroxyl radical (OH*) generated from the Fenton reaction with H2O2 and Fe(II) or Fe(III). This DNA damage is characterized by the diminution of supercoiled(More)
MicroRNAs have an important role in bone homeostasis. However, the detailed mechanism of microRNA-mediated intercellular communication between bone cells remains elusive. Here, we report that osteoclasts secrete microRNA-enriched exosomes, by which miR-214 is transferred into osteoblasts to inhibit their function. In a coculture system, inhibition of(More)
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, is degraded by dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 1 (DDAH1). Emerging evidence suggests that plasma ADMA accumulation, DDAH1 activity/expression reduction, and microRNA-21 (miR-21) upregulation are linked to disease pathology, but the mechanisms remain largely(More)
This tutorial review highlights the mechanism of a novel non-enzymatic fast repair of DNA damage, which refers exclusively to repair DNA radicals including DNA-OH* adducts, DNA radical cations and anions by various endogenous, natural and synthetic compounds. The repair rate constants are as high as 10(9) M(-1) s(-1). In cells, when the enzymatic repair(More)
The scope of functional heterogeneity in macrophages has been defined by two polarized end states known as M1 and M2, which exhibit the proinflammatory activities necessary for host defense and the tissue repair activities required for restoration of homeostasis, respectively. Macrophage populations in different tissue locations exist in distinct phenotypic(More)