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Many immune system receptors signal through cytoplasmic tyrosine-based motifs (ITAMs), but how receptor ligation results in ITAM phosphorylation remains unknown. Live-cell imaging studies showed a close interaction of the CD3epsilon cytoplasmic domain of the T cell receptor (TCR) with the plasma membrane through fluorescence resonance energy transfer(More)
The T cell receptor (TCR) alphabeta heterodimer communicates ligand binding to the cell interior via noncovalently associated CD3gammaepsilon, CD3deltaepsilon, and zetazeta dimers. While structures of extracellular components of the TCR-CD3 complex are known, the transmembrane (TM) domains that mediate assembly have eluded structural characterization.(More)
The role of autoantibodies in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and other demyelinating diseases is controversial, in part because widely used western blotting and ELISA methods either do not permit the detection of conformation-sensitive antibodies or do not distinguish them from conformation-independent antibodies. We developed a sensitive assay(More)
Ionic protein-lipid interactions are critical for the structure and function of membrane receptors, ion channels, integrins and many other proteins. However, the regulatory mechanism of these interactions is largely unknown. Here we show that Ca(2+) can bind directly to anionic phospholipids and thus modulate membrane protein function. The activation of(More)
2009); the catalytic activities of PTPs have been estimated to be 10to 1000-fold higher than that of tyrosine kinases (discussedby Fischer et al., 1991). Another contributing factor is the activity of inhibitory kinases such as Csk, which also constrain T cell activation (Schoenborn et al., 2009). Progress in understanding TCR triggering will require the(More)
Assembly of the T cell receptor (TCR) with its dimeric signaling modules, CD3deltaepsilon, CD3gammaepsilon, and zetazeta, is organized by transmembrane (TM) interactions. Each of the three assembly steps requires formation of a three-helix interface involving one particular basic TCR TM residue and two acidic TM residues of the respective signaling dimer.(More)
The abnormal activation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is strongly associated with a variety of human cancers but the underlying molecular mechanism is not fully understood. By using direct stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (dSTORM), we find that EGFR proteins form nanoclusters in the cell membrane of both normal lung epithelial cells(More)
CD8(+) T cells have a central role in antitumour immunity, but their activity is suppressed in the tumour microenvironment. Reactivating the cytotoxicity of CD8(+) T cells is of great clinical interest in cancer immunotherapy. Here we report a new mechanism by which the antitumour response of mouse CD8(+) T cells can be potentiated by modulating cholesterol(More)
Recent genome-wide association (GWA) studies have identified two intergenic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs11833579 and rs12425791) on chromosome 12p13 and within 11 kb of the NINJ2 gene that were significantly associated with stroke in Caucasians. However, the validity of the association has remained controversial. We performed genetic(More)
Uhrf1 (also known as Np95) is a regulator of DNA methylation and histone ubiquitination and plays an important role in embryogenesis and tumorigenesis. Here, we report that Uhrf1 is essential for invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cell development. We found that Uhrf1 was significantly upregulated in stage 1 iNKT cells. Targeted disruption of Uhrf1 resulted(More)