Chenliang Wang

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BACKGROUND While it is accepted that viruses can enter epithelial cells by endocytosis, the lack of an established biological mechanism for the trafficking of infectious virions through vaginal epithelial cells and their release from the plasma membrane has contributed to ongoing controversy about whether endocytosis is a mere artifact of some cell culture(More)
GB virus type C (GBV-C) is a single-stranded positive-sense RNA virus classified in the Flaviviridae family. Persistent coinfection with GBV-C is associated with lower human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) load, higher CD4(+) T-cell count, and prolonged survival in HIV-1 coinfected patients. The GBV-C envelope glycoprotein E2 has been reported to(More)
In this note, a novel adaptive compensation control scheme is proposed for a class of nonlinear systems with unknown control direction and a possibly infinite number of unknown actuator failures. By introducing a bound estimation approach, high-order Lyapunov functions and a Nussbaum function with faster growth rate, the obstacle caused by unknown failures(More)
BACKGROUND Programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) has been identified as a factor associated with poor prognosis in a range of cancers, and was reported to be mainly induced by PTEN loss in gliomas. However, the clinical effect of PD-L1 and its regulation by PTEN has not yet been determined in colorectal cancer (CRC). In the present study, we verified the(More)
The impact of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy on the oncological outcomes for stage II colorectal cancer remains controversial. The literature was searched for studies published between 1985 and 2010 in which patients with stage II colorectal cancer were randomly assigned to receive either surgery combined with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy or(More)
Lymph node metastasis is an important factor determining the outcome of colorectal cancer. Although epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), TNF-α and microRNA (miRNA) have been found to play important roles in lymph node metastasis, the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. Here we reported that high expression of microRNA-19a (miR-19a) was(More)
Although most human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) cases worldwide are transmitted through mucosal surfaces, transmission through the oral mucosal surface is a rare event. More than 700 bacterial species have been detected in the oral cavity. Despite great efforts to discover oral inhibitors of HIV, little information is available concerning the(More)
Apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing enzyme-catalytic polypeptide-like 3G (A3G) is a host restriction factor that impedes HIV-1 replication. Viral integrity is salvaged by HIV-1 virion infectivity factor (Vif), which mediates A3G polyubiquitination and subsequent cellular depletion. Previous studies have implied that A3G polyubiquitination is essential for(More)