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Ectopic expression of microRNA-155 enhances innate antiviral immunity against HBV infection in human hepatoma cells
TLDR
MiR-155 enhances innate antiviral immunity through promoting JAK/STAT signaling pathway by targeting SOCS1, and mildly inhibits HBV infection in human hepatoma cells.
Nrf2 negatively regulates STING indicating a link between antiviral sensing and metabolic reprogramming
TLDR
Nrf2 activation decreases STING expression and responsiveness to STING agonists while increasing susceptibility to infection with DNA viruses, and a link between metabolic reprogramming and antiviral cytosolic DNA sensing in human cells is suggested.
Herpes Simplex Virus 1 Abrogates the cGAS/STING-Mediated Cytosolic DNA-Sensing Pathway via Its Virion Host Shutoff Protein, UL41
TLDR
HSV-1 tegument protein UL41 targeted the cGAS/STING-mediated cellular DNA-sensing pathway by selectively degrading cGas mRNA, and was shown for the first time to act directly on c GAS.
Herpes Simplex Virus 1 Ubiquitin-Specific Protease UL36 Abrogates NF-κB Activation in DNA Sensing Signal Pathway
TLDR
It is demonstrated that UL36USP abrogates NF-κB activation by cleaving polyubiquitin chains from IκBα and therefore restricts proteasome-dependent degradation of Iκbα and that DUB activity is indispensable for this process.
Herpes simplex virus 1 infection dampens the immediate early antiviral innate immunity signaling from peroxisomes by tegument protein VP16
TLDR
HSV-1 blocks MAVS-Pex mediated early ISGs production through VP16 to dampen the immediate early antiviral innate immunity signaling from peroxisomes.
Evasion of host antiviral innate immunity by HSV-1, an update
TLDR
The most recent findings on the molecular mechanisms utilized by HSV-1 to counteract host antiviral innate immune responses with specific focus on the type I IFN signal pathway are summarized.
Herpes Simplex Virus 1 Tegument Protein VP22 Abrogates cGAS/STING-Mediated Antiviral Innate Immunity
TLDR
This study demonstrated that HSV-1 tegument protein VP22 counteracts the cGAS/STING-mediated DNA-sensing antiviral innate immunity signaling pathway by inhibiting the enzymatic activity of cGas.
Herpes Simplex Virus 1 Serine Protease VP24 Blocks the DNA-Sensing Signal Pathway by Abrogating Activation of Interferon Regulatory Factor 3
TLDR
The results illustrate that VP24 is able to block the production of IFN-β by inhibiting IRF3 activation, which may represent a critical adaptation to enable viral effective replication within the host.
Herpes Simplex Virus 1 UL41 Protein Suppresses the IRE1/XBP1 Signal Pathway of the Unfolded Protein Response via Its RNase Activity
TLDR
Results show for the first time that UL41 suppresses the IRE1/XBP1 signal pathway by reducing the accumulation of XBP1 mRNA, and characterization of the underlying molecular mechanism provides new insight into the modulation of UPR by HSV-1.
Herpes simplex virus 1 UL41 protein abrogates the antiviral activity of hZAP by degrading its mRNA
TLDR
HSV-1 UL41 was shown for the first time to evade the antiviral function of hZAP via its RNase activity.
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