Chengwen Sun

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Angiotensin II (Ang II) modulates, via Ang II type 1 (AT(1)) receptors, the activity of brain catecholaminergic neurons. Here we utilized catecholaminergic CATH.a cells to define the effects of Ang II on delayed rectifier K(+) current (I(Kv)), one of the factors that determines changes in neuronal activation. Receptor binding analyses demonstrated the(More)
The rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) is a relay point that provides supraspinal excitatory input to sympathetic preganglionic neurons in the regulation of blood pressure. The importance of the RVLM is further highlighted by observations that an increase of RVLM sensitivity to angiotensin II and enhanced sympathetic activity are associated with(More)
Angiotensin II (ANG II) increases GABA(B) receptor expression in neuronal cultures from the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS). In the present study, the chronic effects of ANG II on GABA(B) receptor expression and activity were examined in the NTS of Sprague-Dawley rats. Intracerebroventricular infusion of ANG II caused a significant elevation in blood(More)
The peripheral apelin system plays a significant role in cardiovascular homeostasis and in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases. However, the central effect of this neurohormonal system in neural control of cardiovascular function remains poorly understood. Thus, this study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of apelin in the rostral(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that both the angiotensin II (ANG II) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) systems play a very important role in the regulation of blood pressure (BP). However, there is little information concerning the interactions between these two systems in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS). In the present study, we examined the effects of(More)
Previous studies from our laboratory demonstrated that melatonin inhibits nitric oxide (NO)-induced relaxation in porcine coronary arteries. The present study was designed to further characterize the mechanisms underlying this inhibitory effect of melatonin. Western immunoblot studies identified the presence of melatonin type 2 (MT(2)) receptors, but not(More)
RATIONALE Central angiotensin (Ang) II inhibits baroreflex and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are still not fully understood. OBJECTIVE Our objective in the present study was to characterize the signal transduction mechanism of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) involvement in(More)
Targeted nano-particulate systems hold extraordinary potential for delivery of therapeutics across blood brain barrier (BBB). In this work, we investigated the potential of novel bi-ligand (transferrin-poly-l-arginine) liposomal vector for delivery of desired gene to brain, in vivo. The in vivo evaluation of the delivery vectors is essential for clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence indicates that GABAergic neurons in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) play a significant role in the arterial baroreceptor reflex and control of cardiovascular homeostasis. However, the role of these neurons in the development of hypertension is not yet fully clear. METHODS AND RESULTS In the present study, we first(More)
The peroxidation of arachidonic acid (AA) catalyzed by cyclooxygenase (COX) is a well-known free radical-mediated process that forms many bioactive products. Because of a lack of appropriate methodologies, however, no comprehensive structural evidence has been found previously for the formation of COX-mediated and AA-derived free radicals. Here we have used(More)