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Angiotensin II (Ang II) modulates, via Ang II type 1 (AT(1)) receptors, the activity of brain catecholaminergic neurons. Here we utilized catecholaminergic CATH.a cells to define the effects of Ang II on delayed rectifier K(+) current (I(Kv)), one of the factors that determines changes in neuronal activation. Receptor binding analyses demonstrated the(More)
The rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) is a relay point that provides supraspinal excitatory input to sympathetic preganglionic neurons in the regulation of blood pressure. The importance of the RVLM is further highlighted by observations that an increase of RVLM sensitivity to angiotensin II and enhanced sympathetic activity are associated with(More)
The role of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) in the central control of blood pressure (BP) has not been elucidated in spite of peripheral sEH overexpression being linked to hypertension. Thus, our objective was to investigate the involvement of brain sEH in BP control. sEH expression in the hypothalamus and brain stem, two cardioregulatory brain areas, was(More)
It is well established that the central cardiovascular effects of angiotensin II (Ang II) involve superoxide production. However, the intracellular mechanism by which reactive oxygen species (ROS) signaling regulates neuronal Ang II actions remains to be elucidated. In the present study, we have used neuronal cells in primary cultures from the hypothalamus(More)
It has been shown that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in the intracellular signaling response to G-protein coupled receptor stimuli in vascular smooth muscle cells and in neurons. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that NAD(P)H oxidase-derived ROS are involved endothelin-1 (ET-1)-induced L-type calcium channel activation in isolated(More)
Melatonin inhibits nitric oxide (NO)-induced relaxation of coronary arteries. We tested the hypothesis that melatonin increases the phosphorylation of phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5), which increases the activity of the enzyme and thereby decreases intracellular cGMP accumulation in response to NO and inhibits NO-induced relaxation. Sodium nitroprusside (SNP)(More)
The mechanisms underlying developmental programming are poorly understood but may be associated with adaptations by the fetus in response to changes in the maternal environment during pregnancy. We hypothesized that maternal nutrient restriction during pregnancy alters vasodilator responses in fetal coronary arteries. Pregnant ewes were fed a control [100%(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) plays an important role in the central control of blood pressure and baroreflexes. These effects are initiated by stimulation of Ang II type 1 (AT(1)) receptors on neurons within the hypothalamus and brain stem, and involve increasing the activity of noradrenergic, substance P, and glutamatergic pathways. The goal of this study is to(More)
Apelin-13 causes vasoconstriction by acting directly on APJ receptors in vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells; however, the ionic mechanisms underlying this action at the cellular level remain unclear. Large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BKCa) channels in VSM cells are critical regulators of membrane potential and vascular tone. In the present study, we(More)
The production of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) is increased during ischemia-reperfusion, and inhibition of 20-HETE production has been shown to reduce infarct size caused by ischemia. This study was aimed to discover the molecular mechanism underlying the action of 20-HETE in cardiac myocytes. The effect of 20-HETE on L-type Ca(2+) currents(More)