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Angiotensin II (ANG II) increases GABA(B) receptor expression in neuronal cultures from the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS). In the present study, the chronic effects of ANG II on GABA(B) receptor expression and activity were examined in the NTS of Sprague-Dawley rats. Intracerebroventricular infusion of ANG II caused a significant elevation in blood(More)
The peripheral apelin system plays a significant role in cardiovascular homeostasis and in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases. However, the central effect of this neurohormonal system in neural control of cardiovascular function remains poorly understood. Thus, this study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of apelin in the rostral(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) modulates, via Ang II type 1 (AT(1)) receptors, the activity of brain catecholaminergic neurons. Here we utilized catecholaminergic CATH.a cells to define the effects of Ang II on delayed rectifier K(+) current (I(Kv)), one of the factors that determines changes in neuronal activation. Receptor binding analyses demonstrated the(More)
The rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) is a relay point that provides supraspinal excitatory input to sympathetic preganglionic neurons in the regulation of blood pressure. The importance of the RVLM is further highlighted by observations that an increase of RVLM sensitivity to angiotensin II and enhanced sympathetic activity are associated with(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that both the angiotensin II (ANG II) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) systems play a very important role in the regulation of blood pressure (BP). However, there is little information concerning the interactions between these two systems in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS). In the present study, we examined the effects of(More)
RATIONALE Central angiotensin (Ang) II inhibits baroreflex and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are still not fully understood. OBJECTIVE Our objective in the present study was to characterize the signal transduction mechanism of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) involvement in(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence indicates that GABAergic neurons in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) play a significant role in the arterial baroreceptor reflex and control of cardiovascular homeostasis. However, the role of these neurons in the development of hypertension is not yet fully clear. METHODS AND RESULTS In the present study, we first(More)
The role of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) in the central control of blood pressure (BP) has not been elucidated in spite of peripheral sEH overexpression being linked to hypertension. Thus, our objective was to investigate the involvement of brain sEH in BP control. sEH expression in the hypothalamus and brain stem, two cardioregulatory brain areas, was(More)
It is well established that the central cardiovascular effects of angiotensin II (Ang II) involve superoxide production. However, the intracellular mechanism by which reactive oxygen species (ROS) signaling regulates neuronal Ang II actions remains to be elucidated. In the present study, we have used neuronal cells in primary cultures from the hypothalamus(More)
It has been shown that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in the intracellular signaling response to G-protein coupled receptor stimuli in vascular smooth muscle cells and in neurons. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that NAD(P)H oxidase-derived ROS are involved endothelin-1 (ET-1)-induced L-type calcium channel activation in isolated(More)