Chengtao Her

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The DNA mismatch repair (MMR) pathway is one of the most critical genome surveillance systems for governing faithful transmission of genetic information during DNA replication. The functional necessity of this pathway in humans is partially reflected by the tight link between MMR gene mutations and the development of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal(More)
Increasing evidence indicated that the protein factors involved in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) possess meiotic functions beyond the scope of DNA mismatch correction. The important roles of MMR components in meiotic processes have been highlighted by the recent identification of two additional members of the mammalian MutS homologs, MSH4 and MSH5. Mammalian(More)
Although increasing evidence has suggested that the hMSH5 protein plays an important role in meiotic and mitotic DNA recombinational repair, its precise functions in recombination and DNA damage response are presently elusive. Here we show that the interaction between hMSH5 and c-Abl confers ionizing radiation (IR)-induced apoptotic response by promoting(More)
Despite being a member of the mismatch repair family of proteins, the biological functions of hMSH5 in human cells are presently elusive. Here, we report a novel physical and functional interaction between hMSH5 and c-Abl; the latter is a critical non-receptor tyrosine kinase involved in many critical cellular functions including DNA damage response, in(More)
In both mitotic and meiotic processes, cellular surveillance of the integrity of genetic information transmission from parental cells to their subsequent generations is carried out by a network of proteins primarily involved in cell-cycle regulation, DNA replication, DNA repair, and chromosome segregation. Within this context, the mammalian MRE11 represents(More)
MSH5 is known to play functional roles in an array of cellular processes such as DNA damage response and meiotic homologous recombination. Here, we report the characterization of an hMSH5 splicing variant (hMSH5sv) that resulted from the retention of the last 51 bp of hMSH5 intron 6, in which the encoded 17-amino acid insertion between codons 179 and 180(More)
Our previous studies indicate that hMRE11 plays a role in MMR, and this function of hMRE11 is most likely mediated by the hMLH1-hMRE11 interaction. Here, we explored the functional implications of the hMLH1-hMRE11 interaction in MMR and the effects of hMLH1 mutations on their interaction. Our in vitro MMR assay demonstrated that the dominant-negative(More)
Most chemotherapy regimens contain at least one DNA-damaging agent that preferentially affects the growth of cancer cells. This strategy takes advantage of the differences in cell proliferation between normal and cancer cells. Chemotherapeutic drugs are usually designed to target rapid-dividing cells because sustained proliferation is a common feature of(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that components of the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) pathway play multifunctional roles beyond the scope of mismatch correction, including the modulation of cellular responses to DNA damage and homologous recombination. The heterocomplex consisting of MutS homologous proteins, hMSH4 and hMSH5, is believed to play essential roles in(More)
Ig class switch recombination (CSR) and somatic hypermutation serve to diversify antibody responses and are orchestrated by the activity of activation-induced cytidine deaminase and many proteins involved in DNA repair and genome surveillance. Msh5, a gene encoded in the central MHC class III region, and its obligate heterodimerization partner Msh4 have a(More)