Chengshui Zhao

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The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has increased in the United States and more patients are seeking CAM therapies for control of pain. The present investigation tested the efficacy of orally administered anthocyanins extracted from tart cherries on inflammation-induced pain behavior in rats. Paw withdrawal latency to radiant heat and(More)
BACKGROUND Mice lacking the mu-opioid receptor gene have been used to characterize the role of mu-opioid receptors in nociception and the analgesic actions of opioid agonists. In this study, the authors determined the role of mu-opioid receptors in neuropathic pain behaviors and the effectiveness of mu- and kappa-opioid receptor agonists on this behavior in(More)
The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) isoforms, ERK1 and ERK2, are believed to be key signaling molecules in nociception and nociceptive sensitization. Studies using inhibitors targeting the shared ERK1/2 upstream activator, mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK), and transgenic mice expressing a dominant-negative form of MEK have(More)
BACKGROUND Protein kinase C (PKC) is a family of serine/threonine kinases that contains more than 10 isozymes. Evidence suggests that PKC may play important roles in pain modulation, but the isozyme-specific effects of PKC on different aspects of pain modulation are not fully understood. We hypothesize that different PKC isozymes play different roles in(More)
P2X3 is an ATP-gated cation channel subtype expressed by a subpopulation of primary sensory neurons. In vivo spinal cord recordings in mice lacking P2X3 (P2X3-/-) have suggested that this protein may be important for the coding of peripheral warm stimuli. To explore this possibility more thoroughly, we examined behavioral and electrophysiological responses(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of opioids for neuropathic pain remains controversial. The effects of morphine on pain behavior were investigated in two animal models of neuropathic pain: the spared nerve injury (SNI) model and the spinal nerve ligation (SNL) model. METHODS Nerve injuries were created in rats either by tight ligation and section of the left(More)
Modification of synaptic NMDA receptor (NMDAR) expression influences NMDAR-mediated synaptic function and associated persistent pain. NMDARs directly bind to a family of membrane-associated guanylate kinases (MAGUKs) that regulate surface and synaptic NMDAR trafficking in the CNS. We report here that postsynaptic density-93 protein (PSD-93), a postsynaptic(More)
BACKGROUND Itch-producing compounds stimulate receptors expressed on small diameter fibers that innervate the skin. Many of the currently known pruritogen receptors are Gq Protein-Coupled Receptors (GqPCR), which activate Protein Kinase C (PKC). Specific isoforms of PKC have been previously shown to perform selective functions; however, the roles of PKC(More)
UNLABELLED In certain patients with neuropathic pain, the pain is dependent on activity in the sympathetic nervous system. To investigate whether the spared nerve injury model (SNI) produced by injury to the tibial and common peroneal nerves and leaving the sural nerve intact is a model for sympathetically maintained pain, we measured the effects of(More)
BACKGROUND Acid-sensing ion channels 2 and 3 (ASIC2 and ASIC3, respectively) have been implicated as putative mechanotransducers. Because mechanical hyperalgesia is a prominent consequence of nerve injury, we tested whether male and female ASIC2 or ASIC3 knockout mice have altered responses to mechanical and heat stimuli at baseline and during the 5 weeks(More)