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This paper presents an efficient method for mining both positive and negative association rules in databases. The method extends traditional associations to include association rules of forms <i>A</i> &#8658; &#172; <i>B</i>, &#172; <i>A</i> &#8658; <i>B</i>, and &#172; <i>A</i> &#8658; &#172; <i>B</i>, which indicate negative associations between itemsets.(More)
The luminance of a natural scene is often of high dynamic range (HDR). In this paper, we propose a new scheme to handle HDR scenes by integrating locally adaptive scene detail capture and suppressing gradient reversals introduced by the local adaptation. The proposed scheme is novel for capturing an HDR scene by using a standard dynamic range (SDR) device(More)
We design a genetic algorithm-based strategy for identifying association rules without specifying actual minimum support. In this approach, an elaborate encoding method is developed, and the relative confidence is used as the fitness function. With genetic algorithm, a global search can be performed and system automation is implemented, because our model(More)
Recognition of protein folding patterns is an important step in protein structure and function predictions. Traditional sequence similarity-based approach fails to yield convincing predictions when proteins have low sequence identities, while the taxonometric approach is a reliable alternative. From a pattern recognition perspective, protein fold(More)
Enterprise data mining applications often involve complex data such as multiple large heterogeneous data sources, user preferences, and business impact. In such situations, a single method or one-step mining is often limited in discovering informative knowledge. It would also be very time and space consuming, if not impossible, to join relevant large data(More)
Named entity recognition aims at extracting named entities from unstructured text. A recent trend of named entity recognition is finding approximate matches in the text with respect to a large dictionary of known entities, as the domain knowledge encoded in the dictionary helps to improve the extraction performance. In this paper, we study the problem of(More)
Support vector machines (SVM) have been applied to build classifiers, which can help users make well-informed business decisions. Despite their high generalisation accuracy, the response time of SVM classifiers is still a concern when applied into real-time business intelligence systems, such as stock market surveillance and network intrusion detection.(More)
BACKGROUND Whether non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a risk factor for gallstones remains uncertain. Few longitudinal or cohort studies have been used to identify this relationship. The aim of this study was to confirm the association between NAFLD and gallstones in a longitudinal cohort of urban dwellers in China. METHODS To elucidate the(More)