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Colobines are a unique group of Old World monkeys that principally eat leaves and seeds rather than fruits and insects. We report the sequencing at 146× coverage, de novo assembly and analyses of the genome of a male golden snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana) and resequencing at 30× coverage of three related species (Rhinopithecus bieti,(More)
BACKGROUND Infection with pathogenic Leptospira species causes serious systemic inflammation in patients. Although a few leptospiral proinflammatory molecules have been identified, Leptospira likely encodes other unidentified strong inflammation stimulators. The pathogenic L. interrogans genome encodes numerous putative hemolysin genes. Since hemolysins(More)
High-temperature superconductivity in iron pnictides occurs when electrons and holes are doped into their antiferromagnetic parent compounds. Since spin excitations may be responsible for electron pairing and superconductivity, it is important to determine their electron/hole-doping evolution and connection with superconductivity. Here we use inelastic(More)
Cytidine is a precursor of several antiviral drugs. The pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) is primarily responsible for NADPH and 5-phospho-α-d-ribose 1-diphosphate as an important precursor of cytidine biosynthesis in Escherichia coli. To enhance cytidine production, we obtained the recombinant E. coli CYT15-gnd-prs-zwf that co-expressed the prs, zwf, and gnd(More)
Treatment of inflammatory diseases represents one of the biggest clinical challenges. RNA interference (RNAi) against TNF-α provides a promising modality toward anti-inflammation therapy, but its therapeutic potential is greatly hampered by the by the lack of efficient siRNA delivery vehicles in vivo. Herein, we report a hybrid nanoparticulate (HNP) system(More)
We use inelastic neutron scattering to study spin waves in the antiferromagnetic ordered phase of iron pnictide NaFeAs throughout the Brillouin zone. Comparing with the well-studied AFe 2 As 2 (A ¼ Ca, Sr, Ba) family, spin waves in NaFeAs have considerably lower zone boundary energies and more isotropic effective in-plane magnetic exchange couplings. These(More)
This study involved a death which occurred in four Himalayan griffons housed in Beijing zoo, China. Based on pathogen identification and the pathological changes observed, we did characterize the fungi and Hepatitis E virus (HEV) in four dead Himalayan griffons. Pathological changes were severe. Membranous-like material was observed on the surface of the(More)
Histidine biosynthesis in Corynebacterium glutamicum is regulated not only by feedback inhibition by the first enzyme in the pathway, but also by repression control of the synthesis of the histidine enzymes. C. glutamicum histidine genes are located and transcribed in two unlinked loci, hisEG and hisDCB-orf1-orf2-hisHA-impA-hisFI. We constructed plasmid(More)
High concentrations of acetate, the main by-product of Escherichia coli (E. coli) high cell density culture, inhibit bacterial growth and l-threonine production. Since metabolic overflux causes acetate accumulation, we attempted to reduce acetate production by redirecting glycolysis flux to the pentose phosphate pathway by deleting the genes encoding(More)
During l-glutamate production, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase and pyruvate carboxylase (PCx) play important roles in supplying oxaloacetate to the tricarboxylic acid cycle. To explore the significance of PCx for l-glutamate overproduction, the pyc gene encoding PCx was amplified in Corynebacterium glutamicum GDK-9 triggered by biotin limitation and CN1021(More)