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The apoptotic actions of p53 require its phosphorylation by a family of phosphoinositide-3-kinase-related-kinases (PIKKs), which include DNA-PKcs and ATM. These kinases are stabilized by the TTT (Tel2, Tti1, Tti2) cochaperone family, whose actions are mediated by CK2 phosphorylation. The inositol pyrophosphates, such as 5-diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate(More)
UNLABELLED The inositol hexakisphosphate kinases (IP6Ks) are the principal enzymes that generate inositol pyrophosphates. There are three IP6Ks (IP6K1, 2, and 3). Functions of IP6K1 and IP6K2 have been substantially delineated, but little is known of IP6K3's role in normal physiology, especially in the brain. To elucidate functions of IP6K3, we generated(More)
The inositol pyrophosphates, molecular messengers containing an energetic pyrophosphate bond, impact a wide range of biologic processes. They are generated primarily by a family of three inositol hexakisphosphate kinases (IP6Ks), the principal product of which is diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate (IP7). We report that IP6K2, via IP7 synthesis, is a major(More)
D-Serine, an endogenous co-agonist for the glycine site of the synaptic NMDA glutamate receptor, regulates synaptic plasticity and is implicated in schizophrenia. Serine racemase (SR) is the enzyme that converts L-serine to D-serine. In this study, we demonstrate that SR interacts with the synaptic proteins, postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD-95) and(More)
Blockade of lysosomal calcium release due to lysosomal lipid accumulation has been shown to inhibit mTORC1 signaling. However, the mechanism by which lysosomal calcium regulates mTORC1 has remained undefined. Herein we report that proper lysosomal calcium release through the calcium channel TRPML1 is required for mTORC1 activation. TRPML1 depletion inhibits(More)
In cancer patients, the development of resistance to anti-angiogenic agents targeting the VEGF pathway is common. Increased pericyte coverage of the tumor vasculature undergoing VEGF targeted therapy has been suggested to play an important role in resistance. Therefore, reducing the pericytes coverage of the tumor vasculature has been suggested to be a(More)
390 Background: There is emerging clinical data that epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT), a cellular phenotype observed with aggressive disease and metastasis, is associated with resistance to angiogenesis inhibitors targeting the VEGF pathway. To better study and characterize this clinical observation we set out to generate well-defined preclinical(More)
Inositol hexakisphosphate kinase 1 (IP6K1), which generates 5-diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate (5-IP7), physiologically mediates numerous functions. We report that IP6K1 deletion leads to brain malformation and abnormalities of neuronal migration. IP6K1 physiologically associates with α-actinin and localizes to focal adhesions. IP6K1 deletion disrupts(More)
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