Chengjiang Gao

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TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) plays an essential role in Toll-like receptor (TLR)- and retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I)-mediated induction of type I interferon (IFN; IFN-α/β) and host antiviral responses. How TBK1 activity is negatively regulated remains largely unknown. We report that TNF receptor-associated factor (TRAF)-interacting protein (TRIP)(More)
Interferons are important cytokines that mediate antiviral, antiproliferative, antitumor, and immunoregulatory activities. However, uncontrolled IFN signaling may lead to autoimmune diseases. Here we identified Smurf1 as a negative regulator for IFN-γ signaling by targeting STAT1 for ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. Smurf1 interacted with STAT1(More)
NLRP3 inflammasome plays a critical role in the activation of caspase-1 and maturation of IL-1β. However, the specific cis- and trans-regulatory elements that determine the extent of NLRP3 expression are not well defined. In this study, we found NLRP3 expression was induced by TLR agonists in murine macrophages in a NF-κB dependent manner. Furthermore, the(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is a highly hydrophilic and negatively charged sialoprotein of approximately 298 amino acids with diverse regulatory functions, including cell adhesion and migration, tumor growth and metastasis, atherosclerosis, aortic valve calcification, and repair of myocardial injury. OPN is unique as an endogenous negative feedback inhibitor of NO(More)
Recognition of RNA virus through TLR and RIG-I-like receptor results in rapid expression of type I IFNs, which play an essential role in host antiviral responses. However, the mechanisms to terminate the production of type I IFNs are not well defined. In the current study, we identified a member of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family, TRIM38, as a negative(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is an omnipresent regulator of cell function in a variety of physiologic and pathophysiologic states. In part, NO exerts its actions by S-nitrosylation of target thiols, primarily in cysteine residues. Delineating the functional correlates of S-nitrosylation can begin with identification of the entire population of S-nitrososylated(More)
Protein ubiquitination plays an essential role in the regulation of retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) activation and the antiviral immune response. However, the function of the opposite process of deubiquitination in RIG-I activation remains elusive. In this study, we have identified the deubiquitinating enzyme ubiquitin-specific protease 4 (USP4) as a(More)
Osteopontin is a glycoprotein that has been linked to metastatic function in breast, lung, and prostate cancers. However, the mechanism by which osteopontin acts to induce metastatic properties is largely unknown. One intriguing feature of osteopontin is the presence of a conserved thrombin cleavage site that is COOH-terminal from a well-characterized RGD(More)
Activation of TLR signaling in the innate immune cells is critical for the elimination of invading microorganisms. However, uncontrolled activation may lead to autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. In this article, we report the identification of tripartite motif (TRIM) 38 as a negative feedback regulator in TLR signaling by targeting TNFR-associated factor(More)
Ligation of TLR4 with LPS in macrophages leads to the production of proinflammatory cytokines, which are central to eliminate viral and bacterial infection. However, uncontrolled TLR4 activation may contribute to pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases such as septic shock. In this study, we found microRNA-210 was induced in murine macrophages by LPS.(More)