Chengen Yang

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—Error control coding (ECC) is essential for correcting soft errors in Flash memories. In this paper we propose use of product code based schemes to support higher error correction capability. Specifically, we propose product codes which use Reed-Solomon (RS) codes along rows and Hamming codes along columns and have reduced hardware overhead. Simulation(More)
Spin torque transfer random access memory (STT-RAM) is a promising memory technology because of its fast read access, high storage density, and very low standby power. These memories have reliability issues that need to be better understood before they can be adopted as a mainstream memory technology. In this paper, we first study the causes of errors for a(More)
Error control coding (ECC) is essential for correcting soft errors in Flash memories. In such memories, as the number of erase/program cycles increases over time, the number of errors increases. In this paper we propose a flexible product code based ECC scheme that can support ECC of higher strength when needed. Specifically, we propose product codes which(More)
Phase change RAM (PRAM) is a promising memory technology because of its fast read access time, high storage density and very low standby power. Multi-level Cell (MLC) PRAM which has been introduced to further improve the storage density, comes at a price of lower reliability. This paper focuses on a cost-effective solution for improving the reliability of(More)
Non-volatile resistive memories, such as phase-change RAM (PRAM) and spin transfer torque RAM (STT-RAM), have emerged as promising candidates because of their fast read access, high storage density, and very low standby power. Unfortunately, in scaled technologies, high storage density comes at a price of lower reliability. In this article, we first study(More)
As CMOS based memory devices near their end, memory technologies, such as Phase Change Random Access Memory (PRAM), have emerged as viable alternatives. This work develops a hierarchical modeling framework that connects the unique device physics of PRAM with its circuit and state transition properties. Such an approach enables design exploration at various(More)
Hybrid memory, where the DRAM acts as a buffer to the PRAM, is a promising configuration for main memory systems. It has the advantages of fast access time, high storage density and very low standby power. However, it also has reliability issues that need to be addressed. This paper focuses on low cost Error Control Coding (ECC)-based schemes for improving(More)