Chengbao Liu

Learn More
The initiation and progression of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is governed by a series of genetic and epigenetic changes, but it is still unknown whether these alterations are required for the maintenance of primary and metastatic PDAC. We show here that the c-Myc oncogene is upregulated throughout the entire process of neoplastic progression in(More)
BCL6 is a transcriptional repressor that recognizes DNA target sequences similar to those recognized by signal transducer and activator of transcriptions 5 (Stat5). BCL6 disrupts differentiation of breast epithelia, is downregulated during lactation, and is upregulated in poorly differentiated breast cancer. In contrast, Stat5a mediates prolactin-induced(More)
We report a case of intracystic papillary carcinoma (IPC) of the breast in a 71-year-old man in whom diagnosis was made by core needle biopsy. He came to our hospital complaining of a left subareolar mass. Imaging diagnosis was a cyst with an intracystic component. Since aspiration biopsy cytology was interpreted as a borderline lesion, the decision was(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcripton-5a (Stat5a) and its close homologue, Stat5b, mediate key physiological effects of prolactin and growth hormone in mammary glands. In breast cancer, loss of nuclear localized and tyrosine phosphorylated Stat5a/b is associated with poor prognosis and increased risk of antiestrogen therapy failure. Here we(More)
Signaling by polypeptide hormone prolactin (PRL) is mediated by its cognate receptor (PRLr). PRLr is commonly stabilized in human breast cancer due to decreased phosphorylation of residue Ser349, which when phosphorylated recruits the betaTrcp E3 ubiquitin ligase and facilitates PRLr degradation. Here, we show that an impaired PRLr turnover results in an(More)
Synthetic peptides corresponding to portions of group B streptococcal peptidoglycan were used to show that the endopeptidase activity of bacteriophage B30 lysin cleaves between D-Ala in the stem peptide and L-Ala in the cross bridge and that the minimal peptide sequence cleaved is DL-gamma-Glu-Lys-D-Ala-Ala-Ala. The only glycosidase activity present is that(More)
Prolactin controls the development and function of milk-producing breast epithelia but also supports growth and differentiation of breast cancer, especially luminal subtypes. A principal signaling mediator of prolactin, Stat5, promotes cellular differentiation of breast cancer cells in vitro, and loss of active Stat5 in tumors is associated with(More)
Prolactin (PRL) is essential for normal mammary gland development. PRL promotes mammary tumor formation in rodents and elevated serum prolactin is associated with increased risk of estrogen-receptor positive breast cancer in women. On the other hand, PRL may also exert pro-differentiation effects and act to suppress invasive features of established breast(More)
Cyclin D1 regulates cell proliferation and is a candidate molecular target for breast cancer therapy. This study addresses whether Cyclin D1 is indispensable for ErbB2-associated mammary tumor initiation and progression using a breast cancer model in which this cell-cycle regulator can be genetically ablated prior to or after neoplastic transformation.(More)
Emerging evidence in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer supports the notion that prolactin-Stat5 signaling promotes survival and maintenance of differentiated luminal cells, and loss of nuclear tyrosine phosphorylated Stat5 (Nuc-pYStat5) in clinical breast cancer is associated with increased risk of antiestrogen therapy failure. However, the molecular(More)