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The performance of a statistical machine translation (SMT) system heavily depends on the quantity and quality of the bilingual language resource. However, the pervious work mainly focuses on the quantity and tries to collect more bilingual data. In this paper, we aim to optimize the bilingual corpus to improve the performance of the translation system. We(More)
A new isotope-dilution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for determination of sulfur mustard (SM) has been developed using a direct chemical derivatization method by nucleophile potassium thioacetate (PTA) in aqueous solution. The reaction conditions for derivatization, such as reaction temperature, time, solvent and(More)
The last few years have witnessed rapid development of biological and medical applications of graphene oxide (GO), such as drug/gene delivery, biosensing, and bioimaging. However, little is known about the cellular uptake mechanism and pathway of GO. In this work, surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy is employed to investigate the cellular(More)
Direct, label-free detection of unmodified DNA is a great challenge for DNA analyses. Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is a promising tool for DNA analyses by providing intrinsic chemical information with a high sensitivity. To address the irreproducibility in SERS analysis that hampers reliable DNA detection, we used iodide-modified Ag(More)
Proteins perform vital functional and structural duties in living systems, and the in-depth investigation of protein in its native state is one of the most important challenges in the postgenomic era. Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) can provide the intrinsic fingerprint information of samples with ultrahigh sensitivity but suffers from the(More)
We find the greatest value α and the least value β such that the double inequality αT (a,b) + (1−α)G(a,b) < A(a,b) < βT (a,b) + (1− β)G(a,b) holds for all a,b > 0 with a = b . Here T (a,b) , G(a,b) , and A(a,b) denote the Seiffert, geometric, and arithmetic means of two positive numbers a and b , respectively. Mathematics subject classification (2010):(More)
and Applied Analysis 3 Alzer and Qiu 27 found the sharp bound of 1/2 L a, b I a, b in terms of the power mean as follows: Mc a, b < 1 2 L a, b I a, b 1.8 for all a, b > 0 with a/ b, with the best possible parameter c log 2/ 1 log 2 . The main purpose of this paper is to find the least value λ ∈ 0, 1 and the greatest value p p α such that αH a, b 1 − α L a,(More)
An γFe2 O3 @Au core/shell-type magnetic gold nanoflower-based theranostic nano-platform is developed. It is integrated with ultrasensitive surface-enhanced Raman scattering imaging, high-resolution photo-acoustics imaging, real-time magnetic resonance imaging, and photothermal therapy capabilities.
Theminiaturization and integration of functional components is of significance in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), ultralarge-scale integration circuit (ULSI), and miniaturized total analysis systems (m-TAS). Electrochemical methods are widely used in not only synthesizing functional materials, but also constructing these functional materials into(More)
We have developed a graphene oxide (GO)-based nanoplatform simultaneously loaded with a chemical drug and Ag nanoparticles (NPs), and employed it to study the drug release from GO in living cells by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). In our strategy, doxorubicin (DOX), a typical model anticancer drug, was loaded onto chemically prepared GO by means(More)