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BACKGROUND Early diagnosis and treatment of nontuberculous mycobacterial lung diseases (NTM-LD) and pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) are important clinical issues. The present study aimed to compare and identify the chest CT characteristics that help to distinguish NTM lung disease from PTB in patients with acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear-positive sputum. (More)
Endotracheal intubation can lead to iatrogenic trauma to the upper airways. Superficial mucosal tears in the mouth, pharynx, or larynx are common and can cause secondary infection and acute respiratory distress due to massive air leak. We report a patient who sustained a severe 5-cm tracheal laceration and subcutaneous emphysema after intubation. She was(More)
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases comprise approximately 85% of the lung cancer cases. Before the era of target therapy, platinum-based doublet chemotherapy only led to a median survival of 8-9 months and a one-year survival of 30%-40% in patients with advanced NSCLC. In July 2002,(More)
BACKGROUND The most common serious complication following acute ischemic stroke is pneumonia, which may increase mortality and worsen clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the predictors of 30-day mortality in patients with pneumonia following acute ischemic stroke. METHODS From June 2006 to May 2011, we retrospectively included(More)
INTRODUCTION Methods used for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation testing vary widely. The impact of detection methods on the rates of response to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in EGFR-wild type (wt) lung adenocarcinoma patients is unknown. METHODS We recruited the Group-I patients to evaluate the efficacy of erlotinib in patients(More)
BACKGROUND Gefitinib (Iressa; AstreZeneca, Wilmington, DE) is effective in the treatment of NSCLC, especially in the Asian population. However, ILD is usually a serious pulmonary adverse effect and almost leads to cessation of gefitinib treatment. In this study, we investigated the incidence, clinical features, and prognosis of gefitinib-related ILD in(More)
BACKGROUND Early detection trials with chest radiography and sputum cytology were ineffective in decreasing lung cancer mortality. The advent of low-dose spiral chest computed tomography (LDCT) provided clinicians with a new tool that could be with early diagnosis; however, this also raised significant concerns regarding the systematic use of LDCT with its(More)
A 52-year-old woman suffered from progressive proptosis and vision loss due to a large tumor in her right orbit. Multiple recurrences of the tumor were treated with surgical excision. The pathologic diagnosis in each recurrence was neurofibroma, and the tumor transformed to malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor in the final pathologic diagnosis. Orbital(More)
Capsular serotypes of 225 Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates in Taiwan were identified by using PCR. Patients infected with K1 serotypes (41 isolates) had increased community-onset bacteremia, more nonfatal diseases and liver abscesses, lower Pittsburgh bacteremia scores and mortality rates, and fewer urinary tract infections than patients infected with(More)