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These electrophysiological experiments, in slices and intact animals, study the effects of in vivo chronic exposure to nicotine on functional alpha4beta2* nAChRs in the nigrostriatal dopaminergic (DA) pathway. Recordings were made in wild-type and alpha4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunit knock-out mice. Chronic nicotine enhanced(More)
The physiological and pharmacological properties of taurine-induced responses were investigated in dopaminergic (DA) neurones from the ventral tegmental area (VTA) of young rats aged 1-13 postnatal days, either in acute brain slices or acutely dissociated neurones. When whole-cell responses were recorded from current-clamped neurones using the(More)
BACKGROUND Although ethanol addiction is believed to be mediated by the mesolimbic dopamine system, originating from the ventral tegmental area (VTA), how acute ethanol increases the activity of VTA dopaminergic (DA) neurons remains unclear. METHOD Patch-clamp recordings of spontaneous firings of DA and GABAergic neurons in the VTA in acute midbrain(More)
The current study investigated whether ethanol alters ATP activation of purinergic type 2 receptors (P2Rs) in the ventral tegmental area (VTA). The VTA is a key region of the brain that has been implicated in the development of alcohol addiction. We investigated the effects of ATP and ethanol on spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSCs) and the(More)
Several genetic strategies for inhibiting neuronal function in mice have been described, but no system that directly suppresses membrane excitability and is triggered by a systemically administered drug, has been validated in awake behaving animals. We expressed unilaterally in mouse striatum a modified heteromeric ivermectin (IVM)-gated chloride channel(More)
The acronym SePhaChARNS, for "selective pharmacological chaperoning of acetylcholine receptor number and stoichiometry," is introduced. We hypothesize that SePhaChARNS underlies classical observations that chronic exposure to nicotine causes "upregulation" of nicotinic receptors (nAChRs). If the hypothesis is proven, (1) SePhaChARNS is the molecular(More)
  • Julie M. Miwa, Tanya R. Stevens, Sarah L. King, Barbara J. Caldarone, Ines Ibanez-Tallon, Cheng Xiao +5 others
  • 2006
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) affect a wide array of biological processes, including learning and memory, attention, and addiction. lynx1, the founding member of a family of mammalian prototoxins, modulates nAChR function in vitro by altering agonist sensitivity and desensitization kinetics. Here we demonstrate, through the generation of lynx1(More)
The cellular mechanisms underlying alcohol addiction are poorly understood. In several brain areas, ethanol depresses glutamatergic excitatory transmission, but how it affects excitatory synapses on dopamine neurons of the ventral tegmental area (VTA), a crucial site for the development of drug addiction, is not known. We report here that in midbrain slices(More)
Ferritin is a ubiquitous intracellular protein that can store and release iron and act as a buffer against iron deficiency and iron overload. Ferritin is widely used as a clinical biomarker to evaluate iron status. Increased serum ferritin concentrations have been reported to be associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) features. However, serum ferritin(More)
Probing the neural circuit dynamics underlying behaviour would benefit greatly from improved genetically encoded voltage indicators. The proton pump Archaerhodopsin-3 (Arch), an optogenetic tool commonly used for neuronal inhibition, has been shown to emit voltage-sensitive fluorescence. Here we report two Arch variants with enhanced radiance (Archers) that(More)