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The ALOHA and Carrier Sense Multiple Access (CSMA) protocols have been proposed for packet radio networks (PRN). However, CSMA/CD which gives superior performance and has been successful applied in local area networks cannot be readily applied in PRN since the locally generated signals will overwhelm a remote transmission, rendering it impossible to tell(More)
Because of the popularity of portable devices and wireless LANs based on IEEE 802.11 standard, the mobility in wireless network environment become more important. There are two important issues to be addressed in order to support real-time service across wireless networks. One is high transmission data rate; the other is low handoff delay latency. In this(More)
To investigate risk factors for breast cancer in Taiwan, a low-incidence area, a case-control study was conducted. This comprised 244 subjects with diagnosed and pathologically confirmed breast cancer (age range 20-80 years) and 450 female ophthalmology outpatients as controls. Univariate and multiple logistic regression analysis suggests that breast cancer(More)
SUMMARY In highly reliable communication network design , disjoint paths between pairs of nodes are often needed in the design phase. The problem of finding k paths which are as diverse as possible and have the lowest total cost is called a k-best paths problem. We propose an algorithm for finding the k-best paths connecting a pair of nodes in a graph G.(More)
Many energy efficient routing protocols have been proposed in sensor networks for different scenarios and various applications in literature. One of the efficient way is to group sensors in the neighboring into clusters and send aggregate data by a designated cluster head. However, such design discipline still can not balance the energy consumption of the(More)
High infrastructure availability, easy installation, and low device cost make PLC become one of the promising technologies for broadband communication. In PLC based access network, relay nodes are deployed to extend network coverage and enhance communication quality. In this paper, we consider the bandwidth guaranteed routing and time slot assignment(More)