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Huangzaosi, Qi319, and Ye478 are foundation inbred lines widely used in maize breeding in China. To elucidate genetic base of yield components and kernel-related traits in these elite lines, two F(2:3) populations derived from crosses Qi319 × Huangzaosi (Q/H, 230 families) and Ye478 × Huangzaosi (Y/H, 235 families), as well as their parents were evaluated(More)
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain. Although measurements of GABA levels in vivo in the human brain using edited proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) have been established for some time, it is has not been established how regional GABA levels vary with age in the normal human brain. In this(More)
—MapReduce is a widely used parallel computing framework for large scale data processing. The two major performance metrics in MapReduce are job execution time and cluster throughput. They can be seriously impacted by straggler machines— machines on which tasks take an unusually long time to finish. Speculative execution is a common approach for dealing(More)
Transcriptional activation of interferon beta (IFN-beta), an antiviral cytokine, requires the assembly of IRF-3 and CBP/p300 at the promoter region of the IFN-beta gene. The crystal structure of IRF-3 in complex with CBP reveals that CBP interacts with a hydrophobic surface on IRF-3, which in latent IRF-3 is covered by its autoinhibitory elements. This(More)
Grain yield is one of the most important and complex quantitative traits in maize breeding. In the present study, a total of 11 connected RIL populations, derived from crosses between elite inbreed “Huangzaosi” as the common parent and 11 elite inbreeds, were evaluated for five yield components and kernel-related traits under six environments. Quantitative(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and distribution of type 2 diabetes and to determine the status of type 2 diabetes awareness, treatment, and control in Xinjiang, China. Our data came from the Cardiovascular Risk Survey (CRS) study designed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in Xinjiang(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the clinical application of 64-slice spiral CT in the diagnosis of the Tetralogy of Fallot. METHODS Eighteen patients with diagnosed Tetralogy of Fallot underwent cardiac CT angiography with 64-slice CT (CTA). Two- and three-dimensional images were used for diagnosing in all cases by means of MPR (coronal, sagital and oblique), cMPR,(More)
Motivated by experimental observations of transonic crack tip speeds (Lambros and Rosakis, 1994c, J. Mech. Phys. Solids 43(2), 169-188), the problem of intersonic interfacial crack growth in an elastic-rigid bimaterial system is analysed. Following the analytical procedure employed in Liu ef al., the two-dimensional in-plane asymptotic deformation field(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are associated with tumor progression and metastasis. Here, we demonstrate for the first time that legumain, a member of the asparaginyl endopeptidase family functioning as a stress protein, overexpressed by TAMs, provides an ideal target molecule. In fact, a legumain-based DNA vaccine served as a tool to prove this(More)
Regulating TGF-beta receptor presentation provides an avenue to alter a cell's responsiveness to TGF-beta. We report that activation of the Erk MAP kinase pathway decreases the TGF-beta-induced Smad3 activation due to decreased cell surface levels of the type I receptor TbetaRI, but not the type II receptor. Inhibition of TACE activity or expression(More)