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An adaptive backstepping PI sliding-mode control is proposed for speed control of the drive of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) subjected to load disturbances. First, a nonlinear model with uncertainties is derived for the IPMSM, and then an adaptive backstepping sliding-mode controller incorporating a linear load torque estimator is(More)
A constrained model compound of trans-4-(N,N-dimethylamino)-4'-nitrostilbene (DNS), namely, compound DNS-B3 that is limited to torsions about the phenyl-nitro C-N bond and the central C═C bond, was prepared to investigate the structural nature of the radiative and nonradiative states of electronically excited DNS. The great similarities in solvent-dependent(More)
The synthesis, X-ray crystal structures, and photochemical behavior of a series of methyl- and ethylene-bridge-substituted trans-4-(N-(4-cyanophenyl)amino)stilbenes (3-8) are reported and compared to those of the parent compound 1CN. Aminostilbene 1CN displays dual fluorescence in polar solvents due to planar and twisted intramolecular charge-transfer (PICT(More)
Dependence of the backbone planarity of oligo(p-phenyleneethynylene)s (OPEs) on the intrinsic electronic character of substituents and on the nature of the solvent has been experimentally demonstrated with a series of center-symmetrical five-ring systems, pentiptycene-pentiptycene-arene-pentiptycene-pentiptycene, differing in the substituents on the central(More)
The excited-state behavior of a series of trans-2-(N-arylamino)stilbenes (aryl = phenyl (o1H), 4-methylphenyl (o1Me), 4-methoxyphenyl (o1OM), and 4-cyanophenyl (o1CN)) and trans-2-(N,N-diphenylamino)stilbene (o2) in both nonpolar and polar solvents is reported and compared to that of the parent trans-2-aminostilbene and the corresponding meta- and(More)
In this study, a model-free predictive current controller (MFPCC) for four-switch three-phase (FSTP) inverter-fed interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) drive systems is proposed. A new method, using the stator current and its difference is proposed to predict the next stator current. The advantages of the proposed MFPCC are low computation,(More)
This paper presents a novel sensorless drive method of the Axial flux permanent magnet (AFPM) brushless direct current (BLDC) motors by detecting zero-crossing points of back electromotive force signals from the standstill state to the desired velocity. A soft-switching mechanism is combined with the sensorless drive approach to achieve low electronic noise(More)