Cheng-Huei Hsiong

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For the determination of nalbuphine and its long acting prodrug, sebacoyl dinalbuphine ester (SDN), in biological samples, a reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic method using dual detectors was established. Ultraviolet and fluorescence detectors were connected in series for determining SDN and nalbuphine, respectively. The two analytes and(More)
A safe and efficient semi-synthetic narcotic nalbuphine (NAL) which was broadly applied in analgesic therapy has long been considered to eliminate from human body via phase II conjugation. However, up to the present, neither the complete metabolic pathways nor the identified metabolites of NAL have been clarified in documented reports. In this study, four(More)
BACKGROUND Earlier studies have demonstrated an association between N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) catalytic activity and the genotype of a recently published tag single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs1495741. There have been no reports on the relationship between the rs1495741 genotype and antituberculosis drug-induced hepatotoxicity (ATDIH) to date. (More)
BACKGROUND Liver biopsy reliably diagnoses nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, but its invasiveness and inter- and intra-observer errors limit its usefulness in monitoring. AIMS Use a galactose single point method or combined biochemical parameters to improve assessments of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in a rat model. METHODS Three nonalcoholic fatty(More)
PURPOSE Rosiglitazone, an insulin-sensitizing thiazolidinedione, acts as a ligand for the y-subtype of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor in the regulation of glucose homeostasis and lipid metabolism. The aims of this study were to determine the pharmacokinetics of oral rosiglitazone in Taiwanese and to post hoc compare the ethnic differences(More)
Dextromethorphan is used widely in vivo to phenotype the polymorphically expressed cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6. Also dextromethorphan is N-demethylated in vivo to 3-methoxymorphinan by human CYP3A4/5. The metabolic ratio (MR) of dextromethorphan/3-methoxymorphinan in plasma, saliva and urinary were examined as a possible in vivo probe of CYP3A activity. In(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether the occurrence or severity of gingival hyperplasia is associated with liver function test results or phenytoin metabolism. DESIGN Prospective analysis. SETTING University-affiliated medical center in Taipei, Taiwan. PATIENTS Sixty-six patients (mean age 37.9 yrs) with epilepsy who were receiving phenytoin for more(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the galactose single point (GSP) method, a residual liver function test recently recommended by the US Food and Drug Administration, which can be a useful tool for rat liver function measurement. Rats were treated either with carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) alone (1 mL/kg, intraperitoneally [i.p.]) for one day or(More)
Beta-2-microglobulin (beta 2M) associated amyloidosis has been seen in patients with chronic renal failure after long-term hemodialysis. However, the exact mechanism of beta 2M formation and accumulation is not clinically understood. In this investigation, the formation and removal kinetics of beta 2M were studied by compartmental modeling of a patient(More)
A diester prodrug of nalbuphine, sebacoyl dinalbuphine (SDN), and its long-acting formulation are currently being developed to prolong the duration of nalbuphine. A comparative in vitro hydrolysis study was conducted for SDN in rat, rabbit, dog, and human blood. Both SDN and nalbuphine in blood or plasma were measured by high-performance liquid(More)