Cheng-Hsing Kao

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BACKGROUND Body cooling (BC) or mild hypothermia therapy (about 33°C) is reportedly effective for spinal cord injury (SCI). However, the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of BC remain unclear, so does BC ameliorating SCI via promoting neurogenesis, anti-inflammation, and angiogenesis. METHODS The standard rat compression SCI model was tested(More)
Human umbilical cord blood-derived CD34(+) cells were used to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects exerted by cord blood cells in spinal cord injury (SCI). Rats were divided into four groups: (1) sham operation (laminectomy only); (2) laminectomy + SCI + CD34(-) cells (5 x 10(5) human cord blood lymphocytes and monocytes that contained(More)
The effect of the endogenous cannabinoid anandamide on cytosolic free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) and proliferation is largely unknown. This study examined whether anandamide altered Ca(2+) levels and caused Ca(2+)-dependent cell death in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. [Ca(2+)](i) and cell death were measured using the fluorescent dyes(More)
The incidence of seizures in patients undergoing burr-hole crainiostomy with closed-system drainage for chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is low. The post-operative use of anticonvulsants is, thus, controversial. In this study, we tried to correlate pre-operative computed tomographic (CT) appearance of the CSDH with the need for post-operative seizure(More)
To clarify the involvement of autophagy in neuronal differentiation, the effect of rapamycin, an mTOR complex inhibitor, on the dibutyryl cAMP (dbcAMP)-induced differentiation of NG108-15 cells was examined. Treatment of NG108-15 cells with 1 mM dbcAMP resulted in induction of differentiation, including neurite outgrowth and varicosity formation, enhanced(More)
AIMS The purpose of this study was to perform a cross-sectional population-based study of hospitalised cases due to acute spinal trauma in Taiwan, based on information from the nationwide National Health Insurance (NHI) database. METHODS To calculate the annual incidence of hospitalised acute spinal trauma, evaluate the distribution of neurological injury(More)
The aim of present study was to examine whether systemically delivered glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) was beneficial in reversing the spinal cord injury (SCI) in a spinal cord compression model. Rats were divided into three major groups: (1) sham operation (laminectomy only); (2) laminectomy+SCI+normal saline (1 ml/kg, i.v.); (3)(More)
We studied the effects of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) on the fever, increased plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and increased hypothalamic levels of glutamate, hydroxyl radicals and prostaglandin-E2 (PGE2) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The microdialysis probes were stereotaxically and chronically implanted into the hypothalamus of rabbit(More)
The production of chemokine stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1 is significantly higher in synovial fluid of patients with osteoarthritis (OA). IL-6 is a multifunctional cytokine that plays a central role in both OA and rheumatoid arthritis. However, the effects of SDF-1α on human synovial fibroblasts are largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the(More)
Dextromethorphan, an antitussive, has a complex pharmacologic profile and has not been well studied. Our aim was to evaluate whether dextromethorphan and its metabolites, dextrorphan and 3-methoxymorphinan, have a spinal anaesthetic effect. Using a method of spinal blockade in rats, we evaluated the potencies and durations of the effects of dextromethorphan(More)