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Transplant arteriosclerosis (TA) remains the major limitation of long-term graft survival in heart transplantation despite the advances in immunosuppressants. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been demonstrated to suppress allogeneic immune responses by numerous in vitro studies. However, the immunomodulatory effects of MSCs in vivo are controversial and(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac surgery was infrequently performed in patients with liver cirrhosis, and its clinical outcome has been reported only in small series. We sought to evaluate the clinical outcome of cardiac operation in patients with noncardiac liver cirrhosis. METHODS Data were collected by a retrospective case note review. The preoperative,(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) participates in inflammation and catalyzes the breakdown of amines to produce aldehyde, hydrogen peroxide, and ammonia. Serum VAP-1 correlates positively with both acute hyperglycemia and diabetes. We conducted a cohort study to evaluate whether serum VAP-1 predicts 10-year survival in type 2 diabetic patients.(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are known for their immunomodulatory functions. We previously demonstrated that bone marrow-derived MSCs effectively control transplant arteriosclerosis (TA) by enhancing IL-10(+) and IFN-γ(+) cells. The objective of this study is to elucidate the mechanism by which MSCs induce IL-10(+)IFN-γ(+)CD4(+) regulatory T type 1(More)
1. Tanshinone IIA, one of the active components of the Radix of Salvia miltiorrhiza, is used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat cardiovascular diseases. However, the intracellular mechanism of action of tanshinone IIA remain to be determined. The aims of the present study were to test the hypothesis that tanshinone IIA alters strain-induced endothelin(More)
AIMS We conducted this study to compare the relationships between subclinical atherosclerosis and metabolic syndrome (MS) defined by four definitions in Chinese subjects. METHODS In 2006-2007, we enrolled 140 Chinese subjects without reported diabetes in this study. Anthropometric, biochemical profile, and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) were(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated if serum vascular adhesion protein-1 (SSAO/VAP-1) changed acutely following oral glucose loading and whether such changes are correlated with surrogate markers of atherosclerosis. METHODS A total of 115 non-diabetics subjects were enrolled for an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Carotid intima-medial thickness (IMT) was(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between serum vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) and plasma glucose in normal and drug-naïve type 2 diabetes subjects is unclear. We examined if serum VAP-1 changed acutely to oral glucose loading and analyzed the relationship between serum VAP-1, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), hemoglobin A1c, and type 2 diabetes. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES An increased level of serum vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) has been found in patients with diabetes mellitus and vascular disorders. This study examined whether serum VAP-1 levels are associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN AND METHODS We included 262 subjects aged 30 and above with fasting plasma glucose level <7 mmol/L(More)
BACKGROUND Infective endocarditis caused by nutritionally variant streptococci (NVS) has a higher rate of complications than endocarditis caused by other streptococci. The bacteriologic failure rate and the mortality rate are high. However, current knowledge on this disease derives from previous patient data from 1987. Recent case reports showed successful(More)