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OBJECTIVE The suggested correlation between a T-to-C transition at the nucleotide 16189 in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) with increasing insulin resistance and adult-onset diabetes mellitus (DM) is debatable. METHODS Our study examined mtDNA from 462 subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and 592 normoglycemic controls (non-DM). Each participant's body mass(More)
OBJECTIVE A common variant in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) at bp 16189 (T-->C transition) has been associated with small birth size, adulthood hyperglycemia, and insulin resistance in Caucasians. In this study, we investigated whether mtDNA 16189 variant is associated with metabolic syndrome in Chinese subjects. METHODS Six hundred fifteen Chinese adults,(More)
A wide spectrum of pathogenic mutations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has been demonstrated to cause mitochondrial dysfunction and overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS), in relation to mitochondrial and neurodegenerative diseases. Our previous studies have shown that large-scale deletions of mtDNA not only serve as an indicator of oxidative damage,(More)
We prenatally diagnosed MELAS syndrome in a fetus whose mother and older brother had the MELAS-specific A3243G mutation. The mutant mtDNA level of the amniotic fluid cells was not significantly different from that of the postnatal peripheral blood and hair follicle samples. The obstetrical course was uncomplicated except for transient exacerbation of the(More)
Mitochondrial biogenesis is a biological process that has been intensively studied over the past few years. However, the detailed molecular mechanism underlying this increase in mitochondria remains unclear. To investigate the mechanism of such a mitochondrial proliferation, we examined alterations in mitochondria of human osteosarcoma 143B cells that had(More)
Mitochondrial diseases, such as MELAS, MERRF, and CPEO syndromes, are associated with specific point mutations or large-scale deletions of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which impair mitochondrial respiratory functions and result in decreased production of ATP in affected tissues. Recently, mitochondria have been recognized to act as key players in the(More)
Abundant evidence has been gathered to suggest that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sustains many more mutations and greater oxidative damage than does nuclear DNA in human tissues. Uremic patients are subject to a state of enhanced oxidative stress due to excess production of oxidants and a defective antioxidant defense system. This study was conducted to(More)
Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) syndrome is one of the mitochondrial diseases caused by large-scale deletions in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) that impair the respiratory function of mitochondria and result in decreased production of ATP in affected tissues. In order to investigate whether CPEO-associated mtDNA mutations (i.e., 4,366-bp and(More)
A transition of T to C at nucleotide position 16189 in the hypervariable D-loop region of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has attracted research interest for its probable correlation with increasing insulin resistance and development of diabetes mellitus (DM) in adult life. In this article, we present our observations of the positive relationship between this(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE MELAS (mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes) syndrome is often associated with A3243G point mutation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). We previously described a MELAS family characterized by harboring an additional approximately 260 bp tandem duplication in the D-loop and a novel C3093G point(More)