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Invasion of distant tissues by tumor cells is the primary cause of therapeutic failure in the treatment of malignant lung cancer cells. Receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) and its receptor, RANK, play a key role in osteoclastogenesis and tumor metastasis. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1, also called CD54), a member of the(More)
BACKGROUND Cytology fails to detect neoplastic cells in approximately 40% to 50% of malignant pleural effusions (PEs), which commonly accompany lung adenocarcinomas. The diagnostic accuracy of various tumor markers in lung adenocarcinoma-associated cytologically negative pleural effusions (LAC-CNPEs) has been poor. The current study attempted to maximize(More)
AIMS Cytology fails to detect neoplastic cells in 40-50% of cases of malignant pleural effusion, a condition that frequently accompanies lung adenocarcinoma. Published reports of diagnostic sensitivity of various tumour markers are inconsistent, and optimal cut-off points have not been determined. This study aimed to evaluate the ability of three markers to(More)
BACKGROUND Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumours of the gastrointestinal tract, histologically identified as highly cellular spindle or epithelioid cell tumours, and often positive for CD34 (60-70%). Kaposi's sarcomas (KSs) are similar to GISTs: they are most often found in the gastrointestinal tract (although(More)
The association of gastric Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) with human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8) may be found in immunosuppressed patients such as those with AIDS or transplant recipients. A 64-year-old man with a 2-year history of corticosteroid treatment was admitted due to the impression of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with secondary infection. Abdominal(More)
BACKGROUND Human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8) is the aetiologic agent of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). The incidence of KS in renal transplant patients is much higher than in healthy controls. The risk is even higher among recipients seropositive for HHV-8 before transplantation. Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are immunocompromised and are candidates(More)
Immunologic abnormalities in patients with cirrhosis strongly correlate with severity of liver cirrhosis. The association between cirrhosis and human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8) infection is unclear. Plasma samples were obtained from 74 healthy control subjects and 59 patients with cirrhosis. The seropositive rates for HHV-8 antibodies in patients with(More)
The etiologies of acute hypoglycemia (< 2.8 mmol/L) in adult emergency patients were assessed to provide more proper and prompt management. There were 228 hypoglycemic patients (112 women and 116 men, ranging in age from 22 to 93 years, mean = 69.6 years) identified for the study. These patients had hypoglycemia mainly due to excessive use of sulfonylureas(More)
Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in men and shows a predilection for metastasis to distant organs. Leptin, an adipocyte-derived cytokine that is closely associated with obesity, has recently been shown to be involved in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. The aim of this study was to investigate whether leptin is associated with(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma is a common type of cancer with poor prognosis. This study examines the in vitro and in vivo mechanisms of diosmin on human hepato-cellular carcinoma HA22T cell proliferation inhibition. HA22T cells were treated with different diosmin concentrations and analyzed with Western blot analysis, MTT assay, wound healing, flow cytometry,(More)