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UNLABELLED Mechanistic understanding of intracellular trafficking is important for the development of small interfering RNA (siRNA) delivery vehicles. Here, we describe a novel methodology to quantitatively analyze nanocarrier-mediated disposition of siRNA. Cellular uptake and cytoplasmic release of siRNA over time were quantified by measuring the(More)
Many cationic lipids have been developed for lipid-based nanoparticles (LNPs) for delivery of siRNA and microRNA (miRNA). However, less attention has been paid to "helper lipids". Here, we investigated several "helper lipids" and examined their effects on the physicochemical properties such as particle size and zeta potential, as well as cellular uptake and(More)
While calcium-phosphate has been used to deliver plasmid DNA (pDNA) for decades, the method is typically characterized by low and irreproducible transfection efficiency relative to the other non-viral approaches, such as liposomes and polymers. Here we report a novel gene transfer vector comprising lipid-coated nano-calcium-phosphate (LNCP) that provides(More)
An efficient transformation protocol was developed for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Phellodendron amurense Rupr. for using explants from mature seeds. The binary vector pCAMBIA1303, which contained hygromycin phosphotransferase (hptII) as a selectable marker gene and β-glucuronidase (GUS) as a reporter gene, was used for transformation studies.(More)
Clinical application of small interfering RNA (siRNA) requires safe and efficient delivery in vivo. Here, we report the design and synthesis of lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) for siRNA delivery based on cationic lipids with multiple tertiary amines and hydrophobic linoleyl chains. LNPs incorporating the lipid containing tris(2-aminoethyl)amine (TREN) and 3(More)
Nonionic surfactant vesicles, or SPANosomes (SPs), comprised of cationic lipid and sorbitan monooleate (Span 80) were synthesized and evaluated as small interfering RNA (siRNA) vectors. The SPs had a mean diameter of less than 100 nm and exhibited excellent colloidal stability. The SP/siRNA complexes possessed a slightly positive zeta potential of 12 mV and(More)
Piperacillin-tazobactam is often given to infants with severe infection in spite of limited pharmacokinetics (PK) data. We evaluated piperacillin-tazobactam PK in premature and term infants of ages <61 days with suspected systemic infection. Infants received intravenous piperacillin-tazobactam (80 to 100 mg/kg of body weight every 8 h [q 8 h]) based on(More)
Embryogenic callus was obtained from young petiole, stem, and root explants of 4-year-old Siberian ginseng plants on medium supplemented with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. Embryogenic callus differentiated into somatic embryos (SEs), most of which could germinate but developed abnormally. Friable embryogenic callus was induced mainly from the root regions(More)
Four systems of cyclic somatic embryogenesis of Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus Maxim) were used to study the mechanism of embryonic cell cluster generation. The first, direct somatic embryo induction (DSEI), generates secondary embryos directly from the primary somatic embryos; the second, direct embryogenic cell cluster induction (DEC)),(More)
A novel antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) carrier, polyethylenimine conjugated to linoleic acid (PEI-LA), was synthesized and evaluated for delivery of LOR-2501 to tumor cells. LOR-2501 is an ASO targeting ribonucleotide reductase R1 subunit (RRM1). In this study, PEI-LA was synthesized by reacting PEI (Mw ~ 800) with linoleoyl chloride. Gel retardation assay(More)