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Copper(II) acetate/acetic acid/O2 and potassium iodide/tert-butylhydroperoxide systems are shown to affect the selective oxidation of ring-fused aminals to dihydroquinazolines and quinazolinones, respectively. These methods enable the facile preparation of a number of quinazoline alkaloid natural products and their analogues.
Pyrrolidine and related amines undergo asymmetric A(3) reactions in the presence of copper iodide and an easily accessible cocatalyst possessing both a carboxylic acid and a thiourea moiety. Propargylamines are obtained with up to 96% ee, and catalyst loadings can be as low as 1 mol %. Pyrrolidine-derived propargylamines, in the absence of directing groups,… (More)
Two catalysts, an amine HCl salt and a bisthiourea, work in concert to enable the generation of oxocarbenium ions under mild conditions. The amine catalyst generates an iminium ion of sufficient electrophilicity to enable 1,2-attack by an alcohol. Catalyst turnover is achieved by amine elimination with concomitant formation of an oxocarbenium intermediate.… (More)